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Question #: 107

Question: what horizon does the sun set?

Current Solution

The sun sets on the western horizon.

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Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • Which horizon does the sun rise?

    The sun rises on the eastern horizon.

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    Which horizon does the sun rise?

  • Which horizon does the sun rise?

    Gold is heavier than silver.

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    Which horizon does the sun rise?

  • Which horizon does the sun rise?

    The sun sets on the western horizon.

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    Which horizon does the sun rise?

  • Which horizon does the sun rise?

    Gold is heavier than silver.

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    Which horizon does the sun rise?

  • what horizon for sun set?

    The sun sets on the western horizon.

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    what horizon for sun set?

  • Where does the sun set?

    The sun sets on the western horizon.

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    Where does the sun set?

  • What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?

    LinuxCNC has excellent documents; however, I would like to offer our help in case you don't understand the information on that page. So, please use this FAQ (Question #: 13233) to state your questions by submitting additional information below.

    The LinuxCNC spindle control page is found here: http://linuxcnc.org/docs/html/examples/spindle.html

    Additional Information:
    After reading the LinuxCNC page my first questions would be can the spindle be controlled by PWM signal? Also, what pin on the parallel port would I set to Spindle Enable and FRW?

    Additional Information:
    To connect your computer to the VFD, use a USB to RS-485 interface. RS-485 is just a serial interface protocol that uses standard 0 to +5 voltage TTL signal levels for communication (as opposed to RS-232 which uses -12v and +12 for signal level changes).

    Get a high quality interface to reduce any issues during the process. The VFD should have two terminals labeled RS+ and RS-. The USB to RS-485 adapter should have this labeled on it as well so the connections should be relatively straight forward.

    In the VFD parameters:
    PD001: 2 to accept RS485 commands
    PD002: 2 to accept frequency comands
    PD163: 1 to RS485 slave address:1
    PD164: 1 RS485 baud rate 9600
    PD165: 3 8bit, no parity, 1 stop bit

    Make sure LinuxCNC is also set accordingly:

    The PIN14 and PIN16 in the stepconf wizard should be set to unused because you don't want LinuxCNC to be outputting unnecessary signals.

    In the options step of the stepconf wizard:
    - Check the Include Halui user interface component.
    - Check the Include custom PyVCP GUI panel.
    - Check Spindle speed display

    You will want to edit the custom.hal text file located in the folder that was created from the stepconf wizard. Add these following lines:
    loadusr -Wn vfd hy_vfd -n vfd -d /dev/ttyUSB0 -p none -r 9600
    net spindle-cmd-rpm-abs => vfd.speed-command
    net spindle-cw motion.spindle-forward => vfd.spindle-forward
    net spindle-ccw motion.spindle-reverse => vfd.spindle-reverse
    net on motion.spindle-on => vfd.spindle-on

    The dev folder in linux is typically used for interfacing devices and peripherals to the computer as these devices are communicated by simple memory addresses and these files are linked directly to these addresses.

    Under the custom_postgui.hal file, change this line:

    from: sets spindle-at-speed true
    to: net spindle-at-speed => cfd.spindle_at_speed

    and add the line:

    setp vfd.enable 1

    When you start LinuxCNC, you will a spindle section with the reverse and forward buttons, a stop button and - and + buttons. Use these buttons to conform that the spindle is functioning properly. The spindle speed indicator in LinuxCNC will show the spindle speed and you can confirm that this is equal to the speed indicated on the VFD.


    Credit for this helpful information goes to:


    Additional information was also added by us to provide a better understanding.

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    What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?

  • WHAT MOTORS DOES THE BLACK TOOTH USE?
  • WHAT MOTORS DOES THE BLACK TOOTH USE?
  • what does the error code on my vfd mean?

    Remember, steps to correct and troubleshoot issues with any electrical devices should be done by a professional electrician.

    If you have an HY series VFD, the fault codes are below:

    OC-1: Over-current during ramp up or over-current at constant speed.
    Recommended actions: 1, 2, 3, 4

    OC-1: Over-current during ramp up or over-current at constant speed.
    Recommended actions: 1, 2, 5, 6

    OC-2: Over-current at deceleration or over-current at stop.
    Recommended actions: 1, 7, 2, 9, 10

    dL: Output short circuit.
    Recommended actions: 11, 1, 10

    Ou-1 or 2: Over-voltage at stop, over-voltage at acceleration, over-voltage at constant speed or over-voltage at deceleration
    Recommended actions: 12, 13

    Fb: Fuse break.
    Recommended actions: 14, 10

    Lu: Low voltage.
    Recommended actions: 15, 16, 17

    OH: Over heat of inverter.
    Recommended actions: 18, 19, 20

    OL-1: Inverter overload 150% per minute
    Recommended actions: 2, 21, 22

    OL-2: Motor overload 150% per minute.
    Recommended actions: 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 21

    dT: Motor over-torque
    Recommended actions: 21, 23

    E.b.S.A or E.b.S.n or E.b.S.d or E.b.S.S: No feedback from the auxiliary coil or the lectromagnetic contactor
    Recommended action: 27

    bt: Braking transistor damage.
    Recommended action: 27

    CPu: CPU fault.
    Recommended action: 27

    E.E.E.S or E.E.E.n or E.E.E.d or E.E.E.A: EEPROM fault
    Recommended action: 27


    List of recommended actions:
    If error shows at ramp up or at constant speed:
    1. Check for a short circuit or partial short circuit and the insulation of the output wire is sufficient.
    2. Increase the capacity or the inverter if it is too small. Replace with an inverter that has a larger capacity
    3. Extend the ramp-up time
    4. Decrease the torque and increase the set value.
    5. Check if the motor is blocked and if there is a sudden change in load.
    6. Check if there is a sudden chance in the power supply voltage.
    7. Extend ramp down time
    9. DC breaking is too high. Decrease DC breaking
    10. Replace the inverter.
    11. Check to see if there is a short circuit with the connection wire of the motor.
    12. Extend the ramp-down time or add a breaking resistor.
    13. Check the mains supply voltage and insure there isn't ant sudden change in voltage.
    14. Send the inverter for repair.
    15. Check whether the input voltage is normal
    16. check whether there is a sudden change in load.
    17. Check whether there is any phase missing.
    18. Check the fan in the inverter. Is it spinning? Is it blocked? Does it have any foreign matter stuck on the fins of the fan? If so, clear the fan.
    19. Check the ambient temperature in the space that the inverter is placed.
    20. Check for adequate ventilation for the inverter where it is placed.
    21. Check for jamming or any sudden change with respect to mechanical load.
    22. Set the V/F curve correctly.
    23. The motor is too small.
    24. The motor is hot and the insulation of the motor degraded.
    25. Check if the voltage has a large variance.
    26. Check if there is a phase missing.
    27. Contact the supplier

    Additional Information:
    I have cnc wood carving machine 1325 the inverter showing error 0006

    Additional Information:
    What is uc3 error

    Additional Information:
    My inverter read error oc-1 high frequency how you can help me please


    Additional Information:
    My inverter read error oc-1 high frequency how you can help me please


    Additional Information:
    203

    Additional Information:
    E2 error

    Additional Information:
    Hello , I have an Redsail cnc and I get the following error " UC3 "after that the spindle stops arter a small knocking sound ,would there be an solution to this ?

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    what does it mean when my spindle VFD shows E o and stops.


    Additional Information:
    Vfd er.01.5c

    Additional Information:
    CPFO error displayed reason

    Additional Information:
    Solve it

    Additional Information:
    My Spindle VFD Holip HLPA01D523C get error E.OC.A after factory reset. and now get error E.OC.n after i change the starting mode from Start from Starting
    Frequency to Frequency track start. whats wrong with the vactory setting?

    Additional Information:
    Er20

    Additional Information:
    Fault 503

    Additional Information:
    Fault 503

    Additional Information:
    What VFD do you have?

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    what does the error code on my vfd mean?

  • What cnc machine does the plans refer to?

    The plans refer to the scratch build machine: http://www.buildyourcnc.com/cnckitintro.aspx and the one in the book "Build Your Own CNC Machine": http://www.buildyourcnc.com/Book.aspx

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    What cnc machine does the plans refer to?

  • What size stepper motors does the blueChick use?

    The blueChick uses NEMA 23 425 oz/in motors.

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    What size stepper motors does the blueChick use?

  • what are the motor setting for the greenbull

    In the customer service live, just enter "motor tuning" and it will give you a list of all the recommended or default settings for our machines. However the acceleration and velocity for the greenBull(other machines) will be an actual determination on your trials. You will want the highest possible acceleration and velocity without the motors stalling, so you can do increments of ten to be on the safe side, if it is too slow try increments of 25.

    The steps per inch is dependent on the microstepping:
    Steps/Inch for the x and y
    Steps = 200 motor steps per revolution x 16 microsteps = 3200 steps
    Inches = sprocket number of teeth x pitch of the sprocket = 14 x .25" = 3.5 inches
    steps/inch = 3200 / 3.5 = 914.28
    This is really a starting point. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration function to get the perfect steps/inch value. Use as long a measurement as possible when calibrating.

    Velocity:
    Start with a value of 1000 ipm. Increase this value with a relatively low acceleration at about 10. You will notice at a particular velocity that it will stall. This is your stall velocity. I would take the stall velocity and reduce it by about 30% to 50% which should give you a good final safe velocity.

    Acceleration:
    Once the velocity is found, raise the acceleration until it start to stall at a low velocity. Reduce the acceleration by about the same percentage to stick with a safe acceleration.

    The acceleration is mostly dependent on torque (current) and the top speed is dependent on the amount of voltage.

    Give some tests with all of the axes running at the same time. If you notice and stalling, reduce velocities and acceleration depending on when the stall happens (top end, or acceleration curve).


    X-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
    Y-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
    Z-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    4th axis


    Additional Information:

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    what are the motor setting for the greenbull

  • WHAT DOES THE GREENBULL KIT INCLUDE AND DO I NEED TO INCLUDE?

    The greenBull 4X comes with all of the components and electronics to assemble the gantry of the machine. You will need to build the table. We provide the rails and roller chain for the X-axis (along the length of the table for full 8 feet of travel). You will need to provide some wire to connect the electronics and a computer to run the machine. You will also need to purchase the software that you will need to run the machine that matches how you will apply the machine. We suggest the mach3 control program. The CAM program is up to you as there are many options out there.

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    WHAT DOES THE GREENBULL KIT INCLUDE AND DO I NEED TO INCLUDE?

  • What size is the set screw in the #25 sprockets

    The set screws used in our #25 drive sprockets use a #10 UNC screw thread.

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    What size is the set screw in the #25 sprockets

  • What are the dipswitch settings for the drivers?

    blueChick:

    X-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

    Y-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

    Z-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    blackToe:

    X-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

    Y-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

    Z-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    blackFoot:

    X-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

    Y-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 11001100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

    Z-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    greenBull:

    X-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

    Y-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

    Z-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in


    Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

    X-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    Y-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    Z-axis
    “CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
    Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
    Dipswitches: 10101100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    What are the dipswitch settings for the drivers?

  • What does the greenBull kit include and what do I need to include?

    The greenBull 4X comes with all of the components and electronics to assemble the gantry of the machine. You will need to build the table. We provide the rails and roller chain for the X-axis (along the length of the table for full 8 feet of travel). You will need to provide some wire to connect the electronics and a computer to run the machine. You will also need to purchase the software that you will need to run the machine that matches how you will apply the machine. We suggest the mach3 control program. The CAM program is up to you as there are many options out there.

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    What does the greenBull kit include and what do I need to include?

  • What doesn't come with the electronics that I will need so it will work?

    Here is a list of the parts needed to get the electronics combo functioning (parallel or USB interface options):

    - 22 or 24 gauge stranded hookup wire to connect all of the drivers to the USB or parallel interface (terminal to terminal connections),
    - 18 gauge stranded hookup wire to connect the drivers to the power supply,
    - a power cable (extension cord) to connect from the power outlet to the power supply,
    - 4 conductor cable to connect the drivers to the stepper motors,
    - a USB cable to connect from the computer to the USB interface (or for power to the parallel interface),
    - for the parallel interface, a parallel cable is needed (male to male db-25),
    - a computer (for parallel interface, the computer will need a parallel port and if the computer does not contain a parallel interface, the motherboard may have a header for it, or you can purchase a parallel adapter to plug into the motherboard, very inexpensive),
    - cnc control software: for the USB interface, you will need planet-cnc software, for the parallel interface, you can use any industry standard cnc control software (the typical is Mach3 for Windows, or EMC2 or Linuxcnc for Linux (Linuxcnc.org).

    5v power supply is not needed. The 5 volts signal level power is derived from the computer through USB on both types of interfaces.

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    What doesn't come with the electronics that I will need so it will work?

  • Where is the sunset?

    The sun sets on the western horizon.

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    Where is the sunset?

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