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Question #: 14272

Question: wiring schematic from frequency converter to plug for 2.2 KW router for plug that has 1,2,3,4 on it.

Current Solution

There will be three coil connections between the VFD (Variable Frequency Drive) to the spindle. These connections are 1, 2 and 3. U -> Pin #3, V -> Pin #1, and W -> Pin #2. The pin number 4 is not connected on the spindle, but we recommend that you connect PE (Protective Earth Ground) from the VFD to the spindle. This wire can be connected to one of the screws on the connector on the spindle.

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Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • wire size to connect Frequency converter to 2.2 KW Router?

    We use 16 AWG (American Wire Gauge) to connect the 2.2kW Spindle to the VFD (Variable Frequency Drive also called the inverter. Since there are three coils, the 2.2kW (2200 watt) spindle will draw 10 amps total or 3.33 amps per coil. 16 AWG will be more than enough capacity to handle 3.33 amps.

    Click the link to respond:
    wire size to connect Frequency converter to 2.2 KW Router?

  • How do you set up Frequency converter for 2.2kw spindle?

    Ideally, the spindle VFD should use an actual 220V socket that contains the minimum amp fuse that will allow the appropriate draw for all of the items that will be plugged into that socket. If you elect to use a boost converter, the 2.2kW spindle VFD will need a 2200 watts or more.

    My brother is using 1000W and told me his spindle is working just fine. Is it safe to use 1000W ?

    I still can't recommend using a 1000W converter.

    Click the link to respond:
    How do you set up Frequency converter for 2.2kw spindle?

  • Is there a video link showing connections to your most recent frequency converter for the 2.2 spindle (type:YL600-2S-2K20)? Cheers.

    I am currently making a video right now. I will post the video in a few days.

    Additional Information:
    You guys rock!

    Additional Information:
    Don’t judge us until you see the video!! Haha.

    Additional Information:
    Here is the video that I promised. The video covers the main wiring of the VFD and spindle.



    I will do another video on the parameters.

    Click the link to respond:
    Is there a video link showing connections to your most recent frequency converter for the 2.2 spindle (type:YL600-2S-2K20)? Cheers.

  • looking for wiring schematic for redleaf electronics to huijang yl600 VFD 110v, 2.2k, thanks!

    It is possible to connect and configure the spindle VFD to the mach3 via an RS485 communication and protocol.

    The first thing you will need is the dynamic link library to pair with mach3 called the Huanyang VFD Mach3 PlugIn. You can find this file at the mach3 support forum here: http://www.machsupport.com/forum/index.php/topic,14182.0.html

    You will also need to download the Microsoft .net 3.5 framework and install it: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=21

    Follow the pdf that comes with the library file, but here is a synopsis of what you need to do (I also added a lot more information that may be useful during this process as the manual does not cover the main connections that need to be done):

    You will need to program your VFD so that it knows how to communicate with mach3 and the computer (go into the programming mode of the VFD and change these parameters):
    - PD001 - value 2 - Enables with communication aspect of the VFD
    - PD002 - value 2 - Enables frequency control from the communcations port
    - PD163 - value 1 - VFD address
    - PD164 - value 1 - Baud rate of 9600 (speed of the communication)
    - PD165 - value 3 - 8N1 RTU - 8 bits (that's the size of the word that gets communicated), N (No parity or no error checking) and 1 (1 stop bit)

    Copy the dll file to the PlugIns folder of mach3.

    Connect the RX and TX lines to your computer. There are a couple ways you can do this, but the recommended way would be to use an FTDI USB device which converts a USB to a serial com port. The device will have Rx and Tx connectors to connect to the VFD terminals with the same labels. This method is recommended since serial ports are not as common in computers these days.

    Next, you will need to configure mach3 to use the plugin library. Start mach3 and click on Menu -> config ->Config Plugins. Enable the new plugin by clicking on the red cross on the left column next to the plug in. Restart mach3 after doing this.

    No you need to configure mach3 to use the HuanyangVFD plugin. Go to the ports & pins configuration and select the spindle setup tab. Make sure that the Disable Spindle Relays checkbox is unchecked. We don't want mach3 to output a signal for a relay since the spindle will start up and turn off within the VFD and not from an external relay.

    Next, go to the HuanyangVFD settings by clicking on Menu -> plugin control -> HuanyangVFD. Set the parameters to the same settings you put into the VFD programming. The com port will be shown as new hardward when you plug in the USB FTDI device. A little bubble will be displayed at the bottom right where it will notify you that a new device is being installed (be patient while windows assigns a com port). Alternatively, you can use the windows device manager to see which port was set for the new USB FTDI device). You may need to restart mach3 several times until you get the correct information displayed in the PD001 and PD002 fields. When the com port is correct and the other parameters, like baud and VFD address is the same as you entered in the programming, then the PD001 and PD002 will show the number 2, otherwise, a 99 will appear which means that communication was not successful.

    You can now control the on/off and RPM of the spindle using the RS485 communication between mach3 and the VFD.

    Additional Information:
    Will this work with the brand called "best "vfd as well.

    Click the link to respond:
    looking for wiring schematic for redleaf electronics to huijang yl600 VFD 110v, 2.2k, thanks!

  • I purchased the greenbull with the electronics assembled, where are the wiring schematics to wire to 110 volt inverter?

    There is another image on the spindle page here that shows another type of wiring using the R, T and E terminals for power. The image is one of the clickable main images on that page:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/spindle-inverter-2!2kw-spindle-novfd

    Additional Information:
    Here is a link to the image directly:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/images/SpindleWiring-800.JPG

    And here is the link to the alternate diagram:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/images/NewSpindleDiagram-800.JPG

    Click the link to respond:
    I purchased the greenbull with the electronics assembled, where are the wiring schematics to wire to 110 volt inverter?

  • I purachased a bluechick from you in 2011. I am upgrading from a Porter-cable router to a 2.2kw spindle. Can you supply me with drawings for the spindle mount so that I can cut the parts?

    We currently cannot release or sell any plans at this current moment! We apologize for this inconvenience, however if you email us at customerservice@buildyourcnc.com. We can help you get the current parts you will need, for a fully functional 2.2kW z-axis assembly.

    Click the link to respond:
    I purachased a bluechick from you in 2011. I am upgrading from a Porter-cable router to a 2.2kw spindle. Can you supply me with drawings for the spindle mount so that I can cut the parts?

  • one of my motors from the blackfoot kit goes back and forth rather than turning, the wiring hasnt changed since i bought it, what could be wrong?

    The motor shaft does not turn, but slides back and forth in an axial motion? Please submit additional information on this page.

    Additional Information:
    it goes one step then the next step in the other direction so it seems to just vibrate

    Additional Information:
    It sounds like this could be a bad driver? You can determine if this is the cause by connecting another motor to this driver to see if it still happens to the new motor plugged into that driver. This will either rule out the motor causing this, or if it is the driver.

    You can also possibly rule out the driver as well if you change the step and direction wires from another driver to the problem driver.

    Make sure you do these steps one at a time. It's best to consider a single variable at a time.

    Click the link to respond:
    one of my motors from the blackfoot kit goes back and forth rather than turning, the wiring hasnt changed since i bought it, what could be wrong?

  • Is 1000W voltage converter (110V to 220V) enough for 2.2kW spindle?

    Ideally, the spindle VFD should use an actual 220V socket that contains the minimum amp fuse that will allow the appropriate draw for all of the items that will be plugged into that socket. If you elect to use a boost converter, the 2.2kW spindle VFD will need a 2200 watts or more.

    My brother is using 1000W and told me his spindle is working just fine. Is it safe to use 1000W ?

    I still can't recommend using a 1000W converter.

    Click the link to respond:
    Is 1000W voltage converter (110V to 220V) enough for 2.2kW spindle?

  • purchased assembled greenbull with electronics, need wiring diagram from rs485/breakout to VFD 110 v

    It is possible to connect and configure the spindle VFD to the mach3 via an RS485 communication and protocol.

    The first thing you will need is the dynamic link library to pair with mach3 called the Huanyang VFD Mach3 PlugIn. You can find this file at the mach3 support forum here: http://www.machsupport.com/forum/index.php/topic,14182.0.html

    You will also need to download the Microsoft .net 3.5 framework and install it: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=21

    Follow the pdf that comes with the library file, but here is a synopsis of what you need to do (I also added a lot more information that may be useful during this process as the manual does not cover the main connections that need to be done):

    You will need to program your VFD so that it knows how to communicate with mach3 and the computer (go into the programming mode of the VFD and change these parameters):
    - PD001 - value 2 - Enables with communication aspect of the VFD
    - PD002 - value 2 - Enables frequency control from the communcations port
    - PD163 - value 1 - VFD address
    - PD164 - value 1 - Baud rate of 9600 (speed of the communication)
    - PD165 - value 3 - 8N1 RTU - 8 bits (that's the size of the word that gets communicated), N (No parity or no error checking) and 1 (1 stop bit)

    Copy the dll file to the PlugIns folder of mach3.

    Connect the RX and TX lines to your computer. There are a couple ways you can do this, but the recommended way would be to use an FTDI USB device which converts a USB to a serial com port. The device will have Rx and Tx connectors to connect to the VFD terminals with the same labels. This method is recommended since serial ports are not as common in computers these days.

    Next, you will need to configure mach3 to use the plugin library. Start mach3 and click on Menu -> config ->Config Plugins. Enable the new plugin by clicking on the red cross on the left column next to the plug in. Restart mach3 after doing this.

    No you need to configure mach3 to use the HuanyangVFD plugin. Go to the ports & pins configuration and select the spindle setup tab. Make sure that the Disable Spindle Relays checkbox is unchecked. We don't want mach3 to output a signal for a relay since the spindle will start up and turn off within the VFD and not from an external relay.

    Next, go to the HuanyangVFD settings by clicking on Menu -> plugin control -> HuanyangVFD. Set the parameters to the same settings you put into the VFD programming. The com port will be shown as new hardward when you plug in the USB FTDI device. A little bubble will be displayed at the bottom right where it will notify you that a new device is being installed (be patient while windows assigns a com port). Alternatively, you can use the windows device manager to see which port was set for the new USB FTDI device). You may need to restart mach3 several times until you get the correct information displayed in the PD001 and PD002 fields. When the com port is correct and the other parameters, like baud and VFD address is the same as you entered in the programming, then the PD001 and PD002 will show the number 2, otherwise, a 99 will appear which means that communication was not successful.

    You can now control the on/off and RPM of the spindle using the RS485 communication between mach3 and the VFD.

    Additional Information:
    Will this work with the brand called "best "vfd as well.

    Click the link to respond:
    purchased assembled greenbull with electronics, need wiring diagram from rs485/breakout to VFD 110 v

  • Can I put a laser on my cnc router that I didn't purchase from buildyourcnc?

    We don't have a laser kit to retrofit another CNC router other than ours, but we can create one. Some things that may help:

    - You are located close to use so we can work closely with you to implement to retrofit,
    - or you can provide very detailed drawings or measurements so we can use them to create the necessary parts for the kit.

    Other things that you need to understand:

    - A laser has a number of parts that will bulk up the head of the CNC router causing a bit more inertia which may require lowering the acceleration for smooth ramping up and down of the velocity

    - The bulk of the parts required for the laser may restrict the travel of the x and/or y axes.

    - The nozzle of the laser will be offset from the end mill of the spindle.

    Can you tell me the brand of the CNC router that you would like to stick a laser on? (you can answer by submitting additional information.

    Click the link to respond:
    Can I put a laser on my cnc router that I didn't purchase from buildyourcnc?

  • Could I safely use a 2200w 220 to 110 converter and uninteruptable power supply with my 2.2kw inverter and spindle?

    Yes, you can use a 220 to 110 step down transformer to provide power to your 2.2kw VFD and spindle.

    Click the link to respond:
    Could I safely use a 2200w 220 to 110 converter and uninteruptable power supply with my 2.2kw inverter and spindle?

  • please send wiring diagram for the 1500kw spindle and inverter combo. i need to see what additional things need be purchased. thanks.

    Please refer to the Spindle wiring diagram found on the product page for the 2.2KW spindle. The wiring diagram will be the same for the 1.5kW Spindle. The only difference will depend on if you are using 110v or 220v power, as setting PD008 asks you to specify the max voltage.

    Click the link to respond:
    please send wiring diagram for the 1500kw spindle and inverter combo. i need to see what additional things need be purchased. thanks.

  • I need to replace the fried electronics box for my 6090 wood router. Do you offer a play and play, no wiring required, kit? If yes, how much? If no, can you recommend one?

    Yes, we offer a CNC electronics assembled package called the redFly, redLead and redSprout. If you already have a computer, I would recommend the redFly. You would still need to add connectors to the ends of your motor cable.

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/cnc-computer-system-redFly

    Click the link to respond:
    I need to replace the fried electronics box for my 6090 wood router. Do you offer a play and play, no wiring required, kit? If yes, how much? If no, can you recommend one?

  • Do you have wood holders for switching my Black Toe from router to spindle?

    You will need a Z-axis mount for Spindle if you are currently using a router.

    Click the link to respond:
    Do you have wood holders for switching my Black Toe from router to spindle?

  • On the wiring diagrams for the 220v inverters I noticed that there is one hot (220) a neutral and a ground. Will the inverter work with the American split phase system? Hot (120) hot (120) ground?

    Our 1.5/2.2kW spindle will work with both setups, in our wiring diagram it is more seen as the Euro/AUS-style, however you can do the same thing with the North American style as well. Also depending on if you have single or three phase 220V, you can use pins R, S, T. A manual will arrive in the VFD box, which will have further information and diagrams.

    Please seek a certified electrician if you are unsure of any aspect in wiring the spindle or VFD, since wiring to main lines will require wiring of the plug and main lines to the inverter and to avoid any damage or injury's while installing the 1.5/2.2kW spindle and VFD combo.

    Click the link to respond:
    On the wiring diagrams for the 220v inverters I noticed that there is one hot (220) a neutral and a ground. Will the inverter work with the American split phase system? Hot (120) hot (120) ground?

  • I'm new to this and was wondering if I connected something incorrectly... I followed the schematics found on this site for wiring. I purchased the heavy gantry kit with the USB power option. All my lights come on and motor shafts resist turning but, I cannot get movement from Mach3. How do I test my equipment to see if I've damaged anything?
  • Hi is the blackfoot 8x4 cnc router sold by anyone in the UK or would I need to import it from yourself?

    We are in talks with someone in the UK on distributing our machines. I will provide further information on this FAQ when I have more information.

    Click the link to respond:
    Hi is the blackfoot 8x4 cnc router sold by anyone in the UK or would I need to import it from yourself?

  • I HAVE BLACKTOE 4.1 WITH PORTER CABLE 890 ROUTER.TO CONVERT TO SPINDLE(2.2KW) CAN JUST CHANGE THE MOUNT?

    If you would like to use a spindle rather than a router on your existing CNC, we will send you another set of components that will allow the spindle to be mounted properly which includes the z-axis rails, rail support, spindle mounts and the dust shoe components. You can find this item to purchase here: https://www.buildyourcnc.com/category/z-axis

    Click the link to respond:
    I HAVE BLACKTOE 4.1 WITH PORTER CABLE 890 ROUTER.TO CONVERT TO SPINDLE(2.2KW) CAN JUST CHANGE THE MOUNT?

  • the bosch router out side is 88.74 mm, i have a mount for the spendle you sale that fit however the hole need to be bigger

    We can provide a mount for any size router or spindle that you need. Just give us a call.

    Click the link to respond:
    the bosch router out side is 88.74 mm, i have a mount for the spendle you sale that fit however the hole need to be bigger