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Question #: 14350

Question: How should I wire the E-stop button? NC or NO?

Current Solution

I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

Respond:

Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • Should I wire the e-stop button to an input terminal or the mains voltage

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Click the link to respond:
    Should I wire the e-stop button to an input terminal or the mains voltage

  • How should I connect the E-stop to the machine?

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Click the link to respond:
    How should I connect the E-stop to the machine?

  • How should I wire the 2.2kw spindle and vfd?

    You can find the wiring diagram for the 2.2kW spindle and, follow through instructions here.
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/spindle-inverter-2!2kw-spindle-novfd#prettyPhoto/8/

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    wiring diagram at spindle top


    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    How should I wire the 2.2kw spindle and vfd?

  • WHICH WIRES ARE CONNECTED TO THE EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON

    You can use one of the terminals on the input side of the breakout board to connect the e-stop switch.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHICH WIRES ARE CONNECTED TO THE EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON

  • Do you have data sheets available for the Adjustable Rotary Limit Switch and E-Stop (Emergency Stop) Button - 120v-10A/240v-6A?

    If the products have documents available, they are generally found on the product page itself, somewhere in the description or under the instructions.

    Click the link to respond:
    Do you have data sheets available for the Adjustable Rotary Limit Switch and E-Stop (Emergency Stop) Button - 120v-10A/240v-6A?

  • What wire gauge should be used for the 36V 8.8 amp power supply

    Most of our power supplies allow for a 9 amp current draw.

    For the Neutral, Live and earth ground, wire gauge for that level of current is 14 for relatively short cable lengths. Increase the gauge for longer lengths past 25 feet.

    For the DC 24V output terminals to the drivers, 20 gauge is fine. If the power supply is connecting to only one driver, increase the wire gauge to 14.

    Additional Information:
    What gage wire should I use from motor to driver

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    What wire gauge should be used for the 36V 8.8 amp power supply

  • 3d printer motors not moving fast enough. How should I configure the motor drivers?

    This will depend on the 3D printer that you are using and the mechanics involved. Specifically regarding the motor drivers, software is really what determines the speed of the motor. If the computer is not able to product the high number of pulses that is required for faster motion, then you can reduce the microstepping and configure the software appropriately for the new microstepping so the resolution is corrected (steps/inch or steps/mm).

    Click the link to respond:
    3d printer motors not moving fast enough. How should I configure the motor drivers?

  • What kind of wire should I use between the invertor and the spindle?

    The type of wire that should be used between the spindle and the VFD (Variable Frequency Driver also called the inverter) should be of stranded type and we use between 18 and 16 AWG.

    The total current is divided among the three coil wires, therefor a wire gauge of 16 should be sufficient.

    Currently we use 20AWG 4 conductor.

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    What kind of wire should I use between the invertor and the spindle?

  • HOW MUCH MOTOR CABLE SHOULD PURCHASE FOR THE BLUECHICK

    The recommended total length of motor cable should be 15 feet for the blueChick v4.2

    Z - 6 feet
    Y - 5 feet
    X- 4 feet

    20 AWG 4 conductor

    If your drivers will be positioned farther from the machine, you may need longer cable.

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW MUCH MOTOR CABLE SHOULD PURCHASE FOR THE BLUECHICK

  • HOW LONG SHOULD THE MOTOR CABLES BE FOR BLACKTOE

    The motor cables for the blackToe are as follows:

    Total 30 feet

    X - 9
    Y - 10
    Z - 11

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW LONG SHOULD THE MOTOR CABLES BE FOR BLACKTOE

  • SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

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    SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

  • WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

    The blackfoot requires a total of 50 feet of cable.

    The X axis needs 15 feet
    The Y axis needs 17 feet
    and the Z-axis needs 18 feet

    These are 20 gauge 4 conductor cable.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

  • How do I connect my motor wires to the driver?

    Use the datasheet associated to the motor that you purchased. Use the bipolar parallel configuration to optimum performance. The datasheets are located in their respective motor product pages. Just click on the motion electronics at the left and scroll down to the motor you have and click on the title, or datasheet link next to the motor. The datasheet will either be in the form of a pdf, or within the instructions on that product page.

    Additional Information:
    wiring diagram

    Click the link to respond:
    How do I connect my motor wires to the driver?

  • how to connect wires from motherboard to cnc

    Use the datasheet associated to the motor that you purchased. Use the bipolar parallel configuration to optimum performance. The datasheets are located in their respective motor product pages. Just click on the motion electronics at the left and scroll down to the motor you have and click on the title, or datasheet link next to the motor. The datasheet will either be in the form of a pdf, or within the instructions on that product page.

    Additional Information:
    wiring diagram

    Click the link to respond:
    how to connect wires from motherboard to cnc

  • The firmware for the whiteant I bought from you is not responding. How can I reload? Which firmware should I reload?

    The first step would be to reinstall the required files. You can find detailed instructions for the software/firmware installation process here. https://www.buildyourcnc.com/whiteAnt3DPrinterandCNCMachine.aspx

    If that doesn't work, you should send an email to techsupport@buildyourcnc.com giving your purchase information and the system you are running so we can provide more detailed support.

    Click the link to respond:
    The firmware for the whiteant I bought from you is not responding. How can I reload? Which firmware should I reload?

  • Limit, E-stop and home switches: To set up the maximum number of switches set up I would need 2 BOB's, correct? How is this implimented and wired?

    The parallel breakout board allows for 4 input connections. Each input connection can have an unlimited number of switches, but if you need to separate the switch circuit for, say, all of the home switches, you can use another input pin. There is no need to add another breakout board to add more switches unless you need to use the input pins for totally unique conditions that may or may not be related to CNC functions.

    Customer response:
    To Clarify: I need to set up 3 home switches which can double for limits (that's 3 pins.). Another pin for a probe. That's 4 pins used. Now I need to set up the other limit and E-stop switches. No pins left, how do I do that? Can a ground pin be doubled up on?

    Plus, I have a SuperPID. Another pin?

    Additional answer:
    You can put all of your limit switches (including the E-stop which serves the same purpose as the limit switches) and home switches on a single pin. When homing, mach3 will move the axis it wants to home, hit the switch, pull away from the switch, then move the next axis and repeat the steps for the next two axes.

    The probe is on the 2nd pin. The SuperPID is on the 3rd pin and now you have another pin remaining.

    The GND terminal can be doubled up.

    Additional Information:
    how about a diagram to reference showing the pin-out to use

    Here is the diagram for the parallel breakout board (pins 10 through 13 are used for input):

    The circuit is from the GND to the input

    Here is the diagram for the Mach3 USB board (pins I1 through I4 are used for input):
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Documents/Electric%20Wiring%20Diagram.pdf
    The circuit is from the V- to the input pin

    Click the link to respond:
    Limit, E-stop and home switches: To set up the maximum number of switches set up I would need 2 BOB's, correct? How is this implimented and wired?

  • How long should it take to build the vertical laser kit?

    Assembling the Vertical Laser XL machine will vary depending on your specific abilities. The length of time can be as short as one weekend, or as long as two weeks.

    Click the link to respond:
    How long should it take to build the vertical laser kit?

  • How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

    It will depend on how you configure the machine to use the Laser and plasma. Is the laser on a separate gantry? That will determine the way you will connect the laser control system or if you use a typical CNC controller. The plasma will need inputs of THC on, THC up, THC down and outputs to trigger the plasma torch. I recommend the Pokeys57CNC for the plasma and you can also fire the laser with it, but you will not be able to do engraving with the laser unless you use a laser controller. If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using, or if you have the laser on a separate gantry, you can use a traditional laser controller connected to the stepper motor drivers on that gantry.

    Users response:
    I was planing on using same gantry, and installing plasma and laser module on z axis along the side with current router. Perhaps if it’s needed installing another z axis on current z axis. So that when I use plasma, router z will be homed and plasma z axis will be able to utilize thc.

    When you say “If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using,”
    If i install laser controller, pokeys and router motion card, do you mean all ( axis and router/laser/plasma) signals or just the one that controls router/laser/plasma?
    I was wondering if I could jump (parallel connect) axis signals from card to card without ?
    Also do you prefer ethernet card or usb?
    I really do appreciate your help :) thanx again.

    Buildyourcnc response:
    Not a problem at all.

    Remember that with all of that weight on the z-axis, you will not be able to do efficient raster style engraving.

    By putting the laser on another gantry, say at the far end of the table, then you would be able to use a laser controller that controls its own stepper motors and the nozzle can have fast swing motion for engraving. With the laser on the z-axis of the spindle (like see on the greenBull), you will only be able to do vector motions for the laser.

    You can also have a CNC interface and laser controller controlling the same stepper motor drivers, but you will need a few tri-state buffer chips where you can use a toggle switch for which controller has control of the drivers.

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    How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

  • how do you hook up the 100 oz-in motor wires to the driver?

    Black - A+, Green A-, Red B+, Blue B-

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    how do you hook up the 100 oz-in motor wires to the driver?