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Question #: 183

Question: HOW SHOULD I CARE FOR MAY GRAPEVINES?

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Vines are normally planted bare root from January to March and spaced 7 to 8 feet apart in rows 10 to 12 feet apart. Vertical stakes or posts with 1 or 2 wires on the side, or with “T” tops with wire are desirable supports for grapevines. Cane prune Thompson seedless and Concord. Spur prune other varieties. Frost (31oF) damages new shoots and fruit clusters in April or May, so plant where the frost is minimized. Spraying or dusting sulfur for mildew is necessary on wine and table grapes, but rarely needed with American types. (From http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/filelibrary/40/935.pdf )

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Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • HOW LONG SHOULD THE MOTOR CABLES BE FOR BLACKTOE

    The motor cables for the blackToe are as follows:

    Total 30 feet

    X - 9
    Y - 10
    Z - 11

    Additional Information:



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    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    HOW LONG SHOULD THE MOTOR CABLES BE FOR BLACKTOE

  • HOW MUCH MOTOR CABLE SHOULD PURCHASE FOR THE BLUECHICK

    The recommended total length of motor cable should be 15 feet for the blueChick v4.2

    Z - 6 feet
    Y - 5 feet
    X- 4 feet

    20 AWG 4 conductor

    If your drivers will be positioned farther from the machine, you may need longer cable.

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    HOW MUCH MOTOR CABLE SHOULD PURCHASE FOR THE BLUECHICK

  • How should I wire the 2.2kw spindle and vfd?

    You can find the wiring diagram for the 2.2kW spindle and, follow through instructions here.
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/spindle-inverter-2!2kw-spindle-novfd#prettyPhoto/8/

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    wiring diagram at spindle top


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    Additional Information:
    Can you please provide settings for a 110v 2.2 spindle vfd

    Additional Information:
    Can you please provide settings for a 110v 2.2 spindle vfd

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How should I wire the 2.2kw spindle and vfd?

  • How should I wire the E-stop button? NC or NO?

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Additional Information:
    100% agree. When we have our automatic fire suppression systems wired in, we always do them NC (Normally Connected/Normally Closed). You can see more at www.reactonfire.com/what-we-protect/cnc-fire-suppression/ If you're doing a fire system (ours or others) be sure to shut down the machine and mist collectors)

    Additional Information:
    100% agree. When we have our automatic fire suppression systems wired in, we always do them NC (Normally Connected/Normally Closed). You can see more at www.reactonfire.com/what-we-protect/cnc-fire-suppression/ If you're doing a fire system (ours or others) be sure to shut down the machine and mist collectors)

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How should I wire the E-stop button? NC or NO?

  • How should I connect the E-stop to the machine?

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How should I connect the E-stop to the machine?

  • How do I determine what CAM program I should use?

    There are several specifications related to CAM software that you will need to consider.

    1. The CAM software will need to be able to offer the features that match that of the machine you select to perform the fabrication. Some of these machines include, standard 3 axis vertical CNC milling machine, turning machine, and 4 or 5 axis CNC machine.

    2. The CAM software will need to contain the features that you feel are necessary for how you will apply the machine. For example, are you making signs? Are you milling parts for a machine? There is a wide array of CAM software that will work well for one application and not another.

    3. The CAM software will need to work well with your workflow and processes, and have the user interface that you prefer.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How do I determine what CAM program I should use?

  • [797] What power supply should I use for this relay?

    The dual 24VDC relay can use any 24V power supply that outputs 24V DC. A great power supply that will work well with this dual 24VDC relay is this power supply: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-power-supply-24v-1a-dc

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    [797] What power supply should I use for this relay?

  • [797] Should I use a 24V power supply for this relay?

    The dual 24VDC relay can use any 24V power supply that outputs 24V DC. A great power supply that will work well with this dual 24VDC relay is this power supply: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-power-supply-24v-1a-dc

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    [797] Should I use a 24V power supply for this relay?

  • [77] What circuit breaker should I use for this spindle?

    The 2.2kW spindle has a power rating of 2.2kW or 2200 watts.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 220 volts, then 2200 watts / 220 volts is 10 amps, so a 15 or 20 amp breaker will work.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 110 volts, then 2200 watts / 110 volts is 20 amps, so a 25 or 30 amp breaker will work.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    [77] What circuit breaker should I use for this spindle?

  • [79] What size circuit breaker should I use for this VFD?

    The 2.2kW spindle has a power rating of 2.2kW or 2200 watts.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 220 volts, then 2200 watts / 220 volts is 10 amps, so a 15 or 20 amp breaker will work.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 110 volts, then 2200 watts / 110 volts is 20 amps, so a 25 or 30 amp breaker will work.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    [79] What size circuit breaker should I use for this VFD?

  • What wiring should I use to connect two motors for one axis?

    Yes, you can use 2 motors in the same axis output, however you will still need a driver for that motor! Also depending on the orientation on which you mount the motor you might have to invert the direction of the motor, and that will be simple by swapping the A+,A-, to the B+,B- locations and vice versa, from the driver to the motor wiring.

    Also you can run a slave motor using another axis on the board, and setting it up in the Planet-CNC settings.

    Planet-CNC/File/Settings/Axes, here you will enter 3 in the Number of Axes location, and then change the Function of the Axis 4 to Slave 1. There you will have the 4th axis or A-axis be a slave for the x-axis.
    Slave 1 - X-Axis
    Slave 2 - Y-Axis
    Slave 3 - A-Axis
    Slave 4 - B-Axis
    Etc...

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    What wiring should I use to connect two motors for one axis?

  • [78] What size circuit breaker should I use for this spindle?

    The 2.2kW spindle has a power rating of 2.2kW or 2200 watts.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 220 volts, then 2200 watts / 220 volts is 10 amps, so a 15 or 20 amp breaker will work.

    If the VFD AC voltage input is rated for 110 volts, then 2200 watts / 110 volts is 20 amps, so a 25 or 30 amp breaker will work.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    [78] What size circuit breaker should I use for this spindle?

  • WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKTOE

    The motor cables for the blackToe are as follows:

    Total 30 feet

    X - 9
    Y - 10
    Z - 11

    Additional Information:



    Additional Information:



    Additional Information:



    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKTOE

  • How should I connect the limit switches to my laser controller?

    If you are using the AWC708 or equivalent laser controller, the limit switches will connect between the EL input terminal and the GND terminal in normally open (NO) connection. Most limit switches can be connected as NO, or normally closed (NC).

    For instance, a limit switch for the X- limit will be connected from the ELX- terminal to the NO connection of the limit switch, then a connection from the GND terminal on the laser controller to the COM connection to the same limit switch.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How should I connect the limit switches to my laser controller?

  • The firmware for the whiteant I bought from you is not responding. How can I reload? Which firmware should I reload?

    The first step would be to reinstall the required files. You can find detailed instructions for the software/firmware installation process here. https://www.buildyourcnc.com/whiteAnt3DPrinterandCNCMachine.aspx

    If that doesn't work, you should send an email to techsupport@buildyourcnc.com giving your purchase information and the system you are running so we can provide more detailed support.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    The firmware for the whiteant I bought from you is not responding. How can I reload? Which firmware should I reload?

  • how long should I expect a team of 2 to assemble and get it running?

    You will need to build the table unit for your machine. There are instructions on how to do this at the bottom of the product page here, https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Item/cnc-machine-blackFoot-v4
    There is no estimate on how much this will cost though, since there are too many variables involved to do this.

    - PC with parallel port and USB port
    - 20awg stranded wires for the motors - http://www.buildyourcnc.com/electronicscombo.aspx
    - 18awg stranded wires for power supply to drivers
    - 24awg stranded wires for breakout board to drivers
    (location and spacing of components varies from one person to another, so we do not provide cables/wires)
    - General purpose extension cord (cut the female end off) to provide power to power supply
    - USB cable to power breakout board
    - Parallel cable to communicate to breakout board
    - Router
    - (optional - instead of router) Spindle with power inverter http://www.buildyourcnc.com/SpindlesAndAccessories.aspx
    - (if purchasing spindle with inverter) General purpose extension cord (240v) (cut the female end off) to provide power to power inverter
    - End Mill(s) http://www.buildyourcnc.com/ProductsEndMills.aspx
    - CAD, and/or CAD-CAM software (to produce geometry, machine operations, and g-code) http://www.buildyourcnc.com/CNCsoftware.aspx
    - CNC control software (to read g-code and control machine) http://www.buildyourcnc.com/CNCsoftware.aspx

    This answer is applicable to most of our machines with the exception of the greenLean and the blueChick since those machines are equipped with a table structure.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    how long should I expect a team of 2 to assemble and get it running?

  • What thermocouple or thermister should I use for the extruder hot end?

    The best choice would be a type K thermocouple.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    What thermocouple or thermister should I use for the extruder hot end?

  • How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

    It will depend on how you configure the machine to use the Laser and plasma. Is the laser on a separate gantry? That will determine the way you will connect the laser control system or if you use a typical CNC controller. The plasma will need inputs of THC on, THC up, THC down and outputs to trigger the plasma torch. I recommend the Pokeys57CNC for the plasma and you can also fire the laser with it, but you will not be able to do engraving with the laser unless you use a laser controller. If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using, or if you have the laser on a separate gantry, you can use a traditional laser controller connected to the stepper motor drivers on that gantry.

    Users response:
    I was planing on using same gantry, and installing plasma and laser module on z axis along the side with current router. Perhaps if it’s needed installing another z axis on current z axis. So that when I use plasma, router z will be homed and plasma z axis will be able to utilize thc.

    When you say “If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using,”
    If i install laser controller, pokeys and router motion card, do you mean all ( axis and router/laser/plasma) signals or just the one that controls router/laser/plasma?
    I was wondering if I could jump (parallel connect) axis signals from card to card without ?
    Also do you prefer ethernet card or usb?
    I really do appreciate your help :) thanx again.

    Buildyourcnc response:
    Not a problem at all.

    Remember that with all of that weight on the z-axis, you will not be able to do efficient raster style engraving.

    By putting the laser on another gantry, say at the far end of the table, then you would be able to use a laser controller that controls its own stepper motors and the nozzle can have fast swing motion for engraving. With the laser on the z-axis of the spindle (like see on the greenBull), you will only be able to do vector motions for the laser.

    You can also have a CNC interface and laser controller controlling the same stepper motor drivers, but you will need a few tri-state buffer chips where you can use a toggle switch for which controller has control of the drivers.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

  • WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

    The blackfoot requires a total of 50 feet of cable.

    The X axis needs 15 feet
    The Y axis needs 17 feet
    and the Z-axis needs 18 feet

    These are 20 gauge 4 conductor cable.

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

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