### Question #: 436

Question:
**
WHAT DO I SET FOR MY STEPS PER?
**

**
**

**blueChick:
X-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in
Y-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in
Z-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
blackToe:
X-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in
Y-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in
Z-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
blackFoot:
X-axis
“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
Y-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 11001100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in
Z-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
greenBull:
X-axis
“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
Y-axis
“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
Dipswitches: 01100110
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
Z-axis
“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep
Dipswitches: 01100100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:
X-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
Y-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in
Z-axis
“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”
Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A
Dipswitches: 10101100
Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/inAdditional Information:Additional Information:Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driverAdditional Information:**

**
**

### Other Possible Solutions to this Question

**I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**Here is the formula for steps/inch (steps per inch)

Steps = how many steps for a full ration of the motor = standard motor steps x number of microsteps for each step

Standard motor steps for our stepping motors is 200 steps per revolution.

Microsteps are selected on the driver and are shown as full, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32 etc... Use the denominator for the number of microsteps per step.

Inches = how far the travel is for one full rotation of the motor. For the 1/2" - 13 TPI (threads per inch), the travel length will be 1"/13 or .076923". So, for one revolution of the motor, the travel distance will be .076923 inches.

So, the steps = 200 * microsteps, let's make this 1/4 just for the formula.

The inches will be .076923. Plug those into the formula:

Steps / inch = (200 * 4) / .076923 This can also be written as:

200 * 4 / (1 / 13) = 10,400**Click the link to respond:**

I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**WHAT IS THE FORMULA TO DETERMINE STEPS PER INCH OR RESOLUTION FOR EACH AXIS?**The formula and calculation is a starting point to get into the area of steps per inch. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration utility to get the exact steps per inch.

Formula:

step per inch = (motor steps * microstepping) / (travel at one turn of the motor in inches)

if microstepping is set at 16 (1/16 on the driver) then and you are using a sprocket and chain with a pitch of .25 inches and 12 teeth on the drive sprocket

= (200 * 16) / (12 * .25)

= 3200 / 3

= 1066.666 steps per inch

For lead screw that has a travel of .5 inches at one turn like the 5 start 1/2 inch lead screw and using 4 microsteps per step (1/4):

= (200 * 4) / (.5)

= 800 / .5

= 1600 steps per inch

Remember to use the mach3 calibration wizard and double check the driver microstep setting.

Additional Information:

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

WHAT IS THE FORMULA TO DETERMINE STEPS PER INCH OR RESOLUTION FOR EACH AXIS?**HOW MANY STEPS PER INCH DO I SET IN MOTOR TUNING?**blueChick:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackToe:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

greenBull:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

HOW MANY STEPS PER INCH DO I SET IN MOTOR TUNING?**how do I determine the steps per inch for the motors?**blueChick:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackToe:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

greenBull:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

how do I determine the steps per inch for the motors?**How do I configure my control program (i.e. Mach3, EMC2, etc.) for lead screw steps per inch?**You will first need to derive the number of turns per inch that your lead screw produces. If there is only a single start (typical all thread screws), then the turns per inch is the same as TPI (threads per inch). If there is multiple starts, then the number of starts is divided by the TPI to determine the turns per inch. For example, 10 TPI with 5 starts is 10 / 5 = 2 turns per inch. Now that we know this, we can get the number of steps per inch as described in the previous question: take the number of steps per revolution that the motor will output. This will be the number of full steps that you motor produces (typically 200, or 1.8 degrees per step) multiplied by the microstepping per step to which the driver is configured. Simply multiple the number of turns per inch and the number of steps per revolution and you will get the steps per inch. Ok, lets see the formula:

200 steps * 16 microsteps * 2 turns per inch = 6400 steps per inch

Additional Information:

14798

Additional Information:

hallo i have cnc with ball screw 2.5mm of pith..n driver stepping 1/16 how to setup step value

Additional Information:

i have ball screw with 2.5 mm of pith n 1 start motor 200 step 1/16 driver stepping**Click the link to respond:**

How do I configure my control program (i.e. Mach3, EMC2, etc.) for lead screw steps per inch?**With a 1/2 lead screw what is the optimal steps for the stepper motor driver 1/16, 1/8, 1/4 etc**We typically use a 1/4 microstepping for lead screws, but you want to determine the microstepping only after you determine what resolution you want on that axis of the machine.

The formula:

Resolution is steps per inch or steps per milimeter

I will go over this using steps/inch:

steps = motor steps x driver microstepping

inch = the amount of travel with one full stepper motor rotation

In the case of our 1/2" 5 start 10 TPI lead screw, the axis will travel .5 inches with one stepper motor rotation.

Let's use 1/4 microstepping (4 microsteps for each stepper motor step)

Therefore:

(200 steps x 4) / .5 inches =

800 steps / .5 inches =

1600 steps/inch

Now let's use 1/2 microstepping (2 mistrosteps)

(200 steps x 2) / .5 inches =

400 steps / .5 inches =

800 steps/inch

Remember that increasing microsteps, the torque is also reduced, but the smoothness from the motor is increased.**Click the link to respond:**

With a 1/2 lead screw what is the optimal steps for the stepper motor driver 1/16, 1/8, 1/4 etc**stepper motor steps per inch formula**The formula and calculation is a starting point to get into the area of steps per inch. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration utility to get the exact steps per inch.

Formula:

step per inch = (motor steps * microstepping) / (travel at one turn of the motor in inches)

if microstepping is set at 16 (1/16 on the driver) then and you are using a sprocket and chain with a pitch of .25 inches and 12 teeth on the drive sprocket

= (200 * 16) / (12 * .25)

= 3200 / 3

= 1066.666 steps per inch

For lead screw that has a travel of .5 inches at one turn like the 5 start 1/2 inch lead screw and using 4 microsteps per step (1/4):

= (200 * 4) / (.5)

= 800 / .5

= 1600 steps per inch

Remember to use the mach3 calibration wizard and double check the driver microstep setting.

Additional Information:

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

stepper motor steps per inch formula**While motor tuning what are the recommended steps per inch, velocity, and acceleration for the GreenBull CNC?**In the customer service live, just enter "motor tuning" and it will give you a list of all the recommended or default settings for our machines. However the acceleration and velocity for the greenBull(other machines) will be an actual determination on your trials. You will want the highest possible acceleration and velocity without the motors stalling, so you can do increments of ten to be on the safe side, if it is too slow try increments of 25.

The steps per inch is dependent on the microstepping:

Steps/Inch for the x and y

Steps = 200 motor steps per revolution x 16 microsteps = 3200 steps

Inches = sprocket number of teeth x pitch of the sprocket = 14 x .25" = 3.5 inches

steps/inch = 3200 / 3.5 = 914.28

This is really a starting point. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration function to get the perfect steps/inch value. Use as long a measurement as possible when calibrating.

Velocity:

Start with a value of 1000 ipm. Increase this value with a relatively low acceleration at about 10. You will notice at a particular velocity that it will stall. This is your stall velocity. I would take the stall velocity and reduce it by about 30% to 50% which should give you a good final safe velocity.

Acceleration:

Once the velocity is found, raise the acceleration until it start to stall at a low velocity. Reduce the acceleration by about the same percentage to stick with a safe acceleration.

The acceleration is mostly dependent on torque (current) and the top speed is dependent on the amount of voltage.

Give some tests with all of the axes running at the same time. If you notice and stalling, reduce velocities and acceleration depending on when the stall happens (top end, or acceleration curve).

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

4th axis

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

While motor tuning what are the recommended steps per inch, velocity, and acceleration for the GreenBull CNC?**How do I configure my control program (i.e. Mach3, EMC2, etc.) for roller chain or timing belt steps per inch?**First, you will need to know the pitch of the roller chain, or timing belt. For example, #25 roller chain is .25" (1/4") pitch and #40 roller chain is .5" (1/2") pitch. Timing belts are similar and you will need to search the specifications of your particular drive pulley pitch. Take this pitch and multiply this with the number of teeth on the drive pulley/sprocket. This will give you the number of inches around the pulley/sprocket. Now, take the number of steps per revolution that the motor will output. This will be the number of full steps that you motor produces (typically 200, or 1.8 degrees per step) multiplied by the microstepping per step to which the driver is configured. Divide this number by the inches that was calculated from the drive pulley/sprocket. Here is an example: If the motor produces 200 steps per revolution and I am driving it at 1/16 microstepping and my sprocket pitch is .25" with 9 teeth, my formula would be:

(200 steps * 16 microsteps) / (.25 inches * 9 teeth) = 3200

steps per revolution / 2.25 inches = 1422.222 steps per inch**Click the link to respond:**

How do I configure my control program (i.e. Mach3, EMC2, etc.) for roller chain or timing belt steps per inch?**I need to determine steps/inch mach3 setup information for my motors and drivers.**

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackToe:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

greenBull:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

I need to determine steps/inch mach3 setup information for my motors and drivers.**HOW DO DETERMINE THE STEPS PER INCH**

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackToe:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

greenBull:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

HOW DO DETERMINE THE STEPS PER INCH**what horizon for sun set?**The sun sets on the western horizon.

**Click the link to respond:**

what horizon for sun set?**Motor tuning. While motor tuning what are the recommended steps per inch, velocity, and acceleration for the BlackFoot CNC?**These are the recommend values(default) for our blackFoot CNC machine, the acceleration and velocity can be adjusted as high as the motor can rotate without stalling! Suggested increment's will be by 10's.

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 5.43A

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in, Velocity 400.02, Acceleration 4

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in, Velocity 400.02, Acceleration 4

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in, Velocity 79.98, Acceleration 5

Additional Information:

how can we tuning the CNC motor**Click the link to respond:**

Motor tuning. While motor tuning what are the recommended steps per inch, velocity, and acceleration for the BlackFoot CNC?**What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?**LinuxCNC has excellent documents; however, I would like to offer our help in case you don't understand the information on that page. So, please use this FAQ (Question #: 13233) to state your questions by submitting additional information below.

The LinuxCNC spindle control page is found here: http://linuxcnc.org/docs/html/examples/spindle.html

Additional Information:

After reading the LinuxCNC page my first questions would be can the spindle be controlled by PWM signal? Also, what pin on the parallel port would I set to Spindle Enable and FRW?

Additional Information:

To connect your computer to the VFD, use a USB to RS-485 interface. RS-485 is just a serial interface protocol that uses standard 0 to +5 voltage TTL signal levels for communication (as opposed to RS-232 which uses -12v and +12 for signal level changes).

Get a high quality interface to reduce any issues during the process. The VFD should have two terminals labeled RS+ and RS-. The USB to RS-485 adapter should have this labeled on it as well so the connections should be relatively straight forward.

In the VFD parameters:

PD001: 2 to accept RS485 commands

PD002: 2 to accept frequency comands

PD163: 1 to RS485 slave address:1

PD164: 1 RS485 baud rate 9600

PD165: 3 8bit, no parity, 1 stop bit

Make sure LinuxCNC is also set accordingly:

The PIN14 and PIN16 in the stepconf wizard should be set to unused because you don't want LinuxCNC to be outputting unnecessary signals.

In the options step of the stepconf wizard:

- Check the Include Halui user interface component.

- Check the Include custom PyVCP GUI panel.

- Check Spindle speed display

You will want to edit the custom.hal text file located in the folder that was created from the stepconf wizard. Add these following lines:

loadusr -Wn vfd hy_vfd -n vfd -d /dev/ttyUSB0 -p none -r 9600

net spindle-cmd-rpm-abs => vfd.speed-command

net spindle-cw motion.spindle-forward => vfd.spindle-forward

net spindle-ccw motion.spindle-reverse => vfd.spindle-reverse

net on motion.spindle-on => vfd.spindle-on

The dev folder in linux is typically used for interfacing devices and peripherals to the computer as these devices are communicated by simple memory addresses and these files are linked directly to these addresses.

Under the custom_postgui.hal file, change this line:

from: sets spindle-at-speed true

to: net spindle-at-speed => cfd.spindle_at_speed

and add the line:

setp vfd.enable 1

When you start LinuxCNC, you will a spindle section with the reverse and forward buttons, a stop button and - and + buttons. Use these buttons to conform that the spindle is functioning properly. The spindle speed indicator in LinuxCNC will show the spindle speed and you can confirm that this is equal to the speed indicated on the VFD.

Credit for this helpful information goes to:

Additional information was also added by us to provide a better understanding.**Click the link to respond:**

What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?**what are the motor setting for the greenbull**In the customer service live, just enter "motor tuning" and it will give you a list of all the recommended or default settings for our machines. However the acceleration and velocity for the greenBull(other machines) will be an actual determination on your trials. You will want the highest possible acceleration and velocity without the motors stalling, so you can do increments of ten to be on the safe side, if it is too slow try increments of 25.

The steps per inch is dependent on the microstepping:

Steps/Inch for the x and y

Steps = 200 motor steps per revolution x 16 microsteps = 3200 steps

Inches = sprocket number of teeth x pitch of the sprocket = 14 x .25" = 3.5 inches

steps/inch = 3200 / 3.5 = 914.28

This is really a starting point. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration function to get the perfect steps/inch value. Use as long a measurement as possible when calibrating.

Velocity:

Start with a value of 1000 ipm. Increase this value with a relatively low acceleration at about 10. You will notice at a particular velocity that it will stall. This is your stall velocity. I would take the stall velocity and reduce it by about 30% to 50% which should give you a good final safe velocity.

Acceleration:

Once the velocity is found, raise the acceleration until it start to stall at a low velocity. Reduce the acceleration by about the same percentage to stick with a safe acceleration.

The acceleration is mostly dependent on torque (current) and the top speed is dependent on the amount of voltage.

Give some tests with all of the axes running at the same time. If you notice and stalling, reduce velocities and acceleration depending on when the stall happens (top end, or acceleration curve).

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

4th axis

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

what are the motor setting for the greenbull**What are the dipswitch settings for the drivers?**

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackToe:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

blackFoot:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/16 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 11001100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1422.22 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

greenBull:

X-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100110

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”

Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep

Dipswitches: 01100100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Scratch-Build / Book-Build Kit:

X-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100 (“0”=down, “1”=up)

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Y-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Z-axis

“CW230 (3.0A) Driver”

Set to 1/4 Microstep, 2.7A

Dipswitches: 10101100

Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Scratch built/book CNC with NEMA 34 motors and CW8060 microstep driver

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

What are the dipswitch settings for the drivers?**what horizon does the sun set?**The sun sets on the western horizon.

**Click the link to respond:**

what horizon does the sun set?**What do i need for a co2 laser**To add CO2 laser functionality to your existing CNC machine, you will need everything listed on this page: https://www.buildyourcnc.com/LaserComponents.aspx

The number of mirrors and mirror mounts will depend where and at what orientation the laser tube will be mounted in the machine. There is already a mirror mount in the head/nozzle unit, so keep that in mind.**Click the link to respond:**

What do i need for a co2 laser**WHAT MACHINES DO WE SELL PLANS FOR**Yes, the CNC machine hardware and plans combo is the same machine as in the book. The machine that we provide the plans for, can be found on the website, here http://buildyourcnc.com/Item/cnc-machine-scratchbuild

**Click the link to respond:**

WHAT MACHINES DO WE SELL PLANS FOR