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Question #: 556

Question: CAN THE GREENBULL CUT 18MM BIRCH IN ONE PASS?

Current Solution

If you use the 2.2kW spindle, it can cut at 3/4 inch or 19 mm deep with at least a 1/4" cutting diameter single flute end mill. You will get better results with larger diameter end mills, but that is the worst case scenario. I still recommend doing a finishing pass on the edge to make sure everything is perfect.

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Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • can the greenBull Kit CNC machine cut HDPE Seaboard?

    The greenBull can cut HDPE Seaboard, and other materials as well. The machine will be cutting with either a router/spindle(customer preference) and will be the greatest aspect of actual cutting of material, to get a good overall coverage of materials. Our 2.2kW spindle will be the best option for a large variety of materials.

    Click the link to respond:
    can the greenBull Kit CNC machine cut HDPE Seaboard?

  • WHAT MATERIALS CAN THE GREENBULL MACHINE CUT? LASER ETCH?

    The Greenbull machine can cut a very wide variety of materials ranging from foam to aluminum. We recommend the use of our 2.2kW spindle to allow the greatest flexibility. Aside from that, the most important thing is to use an appropriate end mill for the material you are cutting and to use appropriate speeds and feed rates.



    BYCNC Response:
    Our 40W laser can cut up to about 1/4" materials ranging from wood and acrylic down through lighter materials such as leather, fabric, foam, etc. Speed and final cut are greatly enhanced by an air assist upgrade. We also offer an 80W laser which has approximately twice the capabilities of the 40W.

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    WHAT MATERIALS CAN THE GREENBULL MACHINE CUT? LASER ETCH?

  • What materials can the Greenbull machine cut? What materials can the laser cut? Can the laser etch?

    The Greenbull machine can cut a very wide variety of materials ranging from foam to aluminum. We recommend the use of our 2.2kW spindle to allow the greatest flexibility. Aside from that, the most important thing is to use an appropriate end mill for the material you are cutting and to use appropriate speeds and feed rates.



    BYCNC Response:
    Our 40W laser can cut up to about 1/4" materials ranging from wood and acrylic down through lighter materials such as leather, fabric, foam, etc. Speed and final cut are greatly enhanced by an air assist upgrade. We also offer an 80W laser which has approximately twice the capabilities of the 40W.

    Click the link to respond:
    What materials can the Greenbull machine cut? What materials can the laser cut? Can the laser etch?

  • Can I purchase plans to scratch build the Blackfoot or GreenBull machine

    Unfortunately we no longer include or sell our CNC plans for none of our machines. We will be here to assist you if any parts wear over time, and will be able to replace the parts if needed.

    Charges may be subjected due to time of purchase and cause of wear.

    Click the link to respond:
    Can I purchase plans to scratch build the Blackfoot or GreenBull machine

  • Will the greenBull be able to cut seaboard materials?

    The greenBull can cut HDPE Seaboard, and other materials as well. The machine will be cutting with either a router/spindle(customer preference) and will be the greatest aspect of actual cutting of material, to get a good overall coverage of materials. Our 2.2kW spindle will be the best option for a large variety of materials.

    Click the link to respond:
    Will the greenBull be able to cut seaboard materials?

  • where can i found the tutorial to install and connect the 40 W laser to the greenbull cnc

    To install the 40 Watt laser on the greenBull, provided that you have the proper mount, go to the following page:

    https://buildyourcnc.com/item/cnc-machine-laser-spindle-combo-head

    The mount can be purchased on this page as well.

    Click the link to respond:
    where can i found the tutorial to install and connect the 40 W laser to the greenbull cnc

  • HOW DEEP CAN CUT IN ONE PASS?

    If you use the 2.2kW spindle, it can cut at 3/4 inch or 19 mm deep with at least a 1/4" cutting diameter single flute end mill. You will get better results with larger diameter end mills, but that is the worst case scenario. I still recommend doing a finishing pass on the edge to make sure everything is perfect.

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW DEEP CAN CUT IN ONE PASS?

  • what are the motor setting for the greenbull

    In the customer service live, just enter "motor tuning" and it will give you a list of all the recommended or default settings for our machines. However the acceleration and velocity for the greenBull(other machines) will be an actual determination on your trials. You will want the highest possible acceleration and velocity without the motors stalling, so you can do increments of ten to be on the safe side, if it is too slow try increments of 25.

    The steps per inch is dependent on the microstepping:
    Steps/Inch for the x and y
    Steps = 200 motor steps per revolution x 16 microsteps = 3200 steps
    Inches = sprocket number of teeth x pitch of the sprocket = 14 x .25" = 3.5 inches
    steps/inch = 3200 / 3.5 = 914.28
    This is really a starting point. You will then need to use the mach3 calibration function to get the perfect steps/inch value. Use as long a measurement as possible when calibrating.

    Velocity:
    Start with a value of 1000 ipm. Increase this value with a relatively low acceleration at about 10. You will notice at a particular velocity that it will stall. This is your stall velocity. I would take the stall velocity and reduce it by about 30% to 50% which should give you a good final safe velocity.

    Acceleration:
    Once the velocity is found, raise the acceleration until it start to stall at a low velocity. Reduce the acceleration by about the same percentage to stick with a safe acceleration.

    The acceleration is mostly dependent on torque (current) and the top speed is dependent on the amount of voltage.

    Give some tests with all of the axes running at the same time. If you notice and stalling, reduce velocities and acceleration depending on when the stall happens (top end, or acceleration curve).


    X-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110 (“0”=down, “1”=up)
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
    Y-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/16 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100110
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 914.29 steps/in
    Z-axis
    “CW8060 (6.0A) Driver”
    Set to 5.43A, 1/4 Microstep
    Dipswitches: 01100100
    Mach3 Motor Tuning: 1600 steps/in

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    4th axis


    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    what are the motor setting for the greenbull

  • WHAT ARE THE SHIPPING DIMENSIONS FOR GREENBULL?

    76" X 40" X 26"
    230 LBS

    Click the link to respond:
    WHAT ARE THE SHIPPING DIMENSIONS FOR GREENBULL?

  • How thick can the Greenbull cut and what kind of material? Wood, plastic, steel? I was also wondering if there is one anywhere in Nevada, Idaho or Utah that I could possibly see in action. Thanks

    The greenBull CNC machine kit can cut as thick as a material as you desire depending on the reach of the end mill that you provide the machine, if it is a straight vertical. The reason for this is that each pass is incremental (multiple passes at a certain depth per pass). For instance, if you need to cut a 2 inch thick piece of wood, you can make, say 3/4" passes until the target depth of 2 inches is met.

    The depth per pass, feedrate and RPM will be determined by the material: wood, plastic, metal and will also be determined by the end mill that is used for that material. Selecting the appropriate end mill is very important. Feedrate and RPM is important to make sure the end mill is as cool as it can be during the cutting process.

    Click the link to respond:
    How thick can the Greenbull cut and what kind of material? Wood, plastic, steel? I was also wondering if there is one anywhere in Nevada, Idaho or Utah that I could possibly see in action. Thanks

  • What are the table dimensions for the greenBull so I can build it.

    Actual table dimension: 4'x8' is 56.078"x 121.50" (the overhang in the illustrations should be 3/4" thick)
    To determine the frame dimensions, first consider using the frame height shown of almost 3' (2.86'). The width of the frame should be 4" narrower than the dimension from rail edge to rail edge (6X rail to rail is 80.078"). This will provide a 2" overhang on both sides (4X frame width should be 56.078").
    The length of the frame should be 4" shorter than the desired length of the rails to provide a 2" overhang on both ends. The travel length will be 20" shorter than the rail length due to the space occupied by the gantry sides.
    Two long pieces of 3/4" material will need to be placed on top of the frame with the 2" overhang on the sides and the end. These long strips of material will receive the rails and the chain mounts on the ends.


    Link:
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Item/cnc-machine-greenBull-v4-4X

    Click the link to respond:
    What are the table dimensions for the greenBull so I can build it.

  • If I am cutting 18mm MDF with 6mm cutting bit (so 6mm pass), what can be the maximum speed rate of cutting and spindle speed of router?

    The best way to determine the cutting speed is to determine this with respect to the edge quality you desire. This recommendation generally comes from the major end mill manufacturers.

    The feedrate (travel speed) should be determined by the chip load of the end mill, the number of flutes, material of the end mill (Solid Carbide, HSS - High Speed Steel, Cobalt, etc.) and the RPM of the spindle. You will need to see the manufacturer's specifications of the end mill to determine this information.

    Formula:
    Chip Load = (feed rate IPM)/(Spindle RPM x Number of Flutes)

    or

    Feed Rate IPM = Chip Load x Spindle RPM x Number of Flutes

    Once you find this information, apply this to the material at the full depth of the end mill. If you find that your edge condition is aberrant, pull back on either the speed, or the depth per pass. If the edge condition is acceptable, then push the speed higher until the edge condition starts to deteriorate in quality and then pull back to the accepted level.

    Using this method, you will be able to reduce the wear on the end mil which will be the most expensive consumable on the machine.

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    If I am cutting 18mm MDF with 6mm cutting bit (so 6mm pass), what can be the maximum speed rate of cutting and spindle speed of router?

  • WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

    Click the link to respond:
    WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

  • SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

    Click the link to respond:
    SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

  • WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

  • How would you recommend cutting glass with a GreenBull?

    It depends on the type of cut you're trying to make and the type of glass. In general, straight cuts can be made by scoring the glass using a type of engraving bit, such as these:
    http://www.widgetworksunlimited.com/CNC_Specialty_Bits_s/33.htm.

    Complex curves and thicker glass is usually tackled with a diamond burr endmill and a specialized jig. Here is a nicely done you tube video giving an idea of how that works.

    Click the link to respond:
    How would you recommend cutting glass with a GreenBull?

  • The plans/hardware option for the greenBull includes what?

    The plans/hardware/electronics/mechanical includes everything but the wood structural components that can be cut by the customer. This plans/hardware option includes all of the electronics, like motors, drivers, controller, and all of the cables and wires to connect all of the electronics together. The mechanical components include shafts, couplings, linear rails, bearing blocks, sprockets, lead screws, etc. The hardware consists of all of the screws nuts, insert nuts, cross dowels, etc, to assemble all of the structural, mechanical, and electronics together.

    Click the link to respond:
    The plans/hardware option for the greenBull includes what?

  • WHAT DOES THE GREENBULL KIT INCLUDE AND DO I NEED TO INCLUDE?

    The greenBull 4X comes with all of the components and electronics to assemble the gantry of the machine. You will need to build the table. We provide the rails and roller chain for the X-axis (along the length of the table for full 8 feet of travel). You will need to provide some wire to connect the electronics and a computer to run the machine. You will also need to purchase the software that you will need to run the machine that matches how you will apply the machine. We suggest the mach3 control program. The CAM program is up to you as there are many options out there.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHAT DOES THE GREENBULL KIT INCLUDE AND DO I NEED TO INCLUDE?

  • The laser adapter for the greenBull can host laser tubes more powerful than 80W?

    The laser mount for the greenBull is designed and suited for a 40W tube only. The 80W tube is too large to mount on the gantry.

    Click the link to respond:
    The laser adapter for the greenBull can host laser tubes more powerful than 80W?

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