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Question #: 14433

Question: On the YL600 VFD which connections are DCM, ACM, V1 & Forward?

Current Solution

The DCM is DC common, or DC Ground which is used in conjunction with Forward (FWD, or FOR) to start the spindle in the forward direction.

The ACM is the AC Common, or AC Ground (Alternating current, or in this case, a variable voltage for spindle speed). The ACM is used in conjunction with V1 to provide variable speed for the spindle.

In order to use the terminals DCM/XGND, FOR/FWD, ACM/GND and V1/VI1, you will need to program the VFD to enable the terminals and disable the control panel.

YL-600:
Start/Stop - XGND or COM is paired with FWD or X4 (X5 for Reverse).
Spindle Frequency: XGND or COM is paired with AI1 and uses a top end of 5VDC

YL-620:
Start/Stop - XGND is paired with FWD (REV for reverse)
Spindle Frequency: GND (not XGND) and VI1.

The Start/Stop portion of the control panel and terminals is separate from the spindle speed/frequency control panel and terminals. Each of these have a separate programming parameter.

For the YL-600/620, the P00.01 parameter controls the source of the start/stop function.
Settings for the P00.01 are:
0: Control Panel is used and the terminals are disabled.
1: Terminals are enabled and the Stop on the control panel is still enabled if needed.
2: Terminals are enabled and the Stop on the control panel is disabled.
3: Control is sourced from the MODBUS also specified as the RS-485 connection. This would be labeled as RX and TX (Receive and transmit) and uses the UART protocol (serial communication protocol). https://buildyourcnc.com/FAQ/13381 explains this in depth.

Additional Information:
DCM is Digital Common, ACM is Analog Common

Respond:

Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • How do I conect the VFD of the spindle to the RS485 connections

    It is not necessary to connect the spindle VFD (Variable Frequency Drive also called an Inverter) to the computer or CNC motion electronics. The VFD can be controlled independently using the control panel on the VFD. The control panel has the ability to control all aspects of the spindle including Speed, Torque, limits, etc. However, you can connect the VFD to the computer so the CNC control program can control the spindle during the CNC Machine operation. You will need to connect the VFD to the computer via a serial conection (in this case, it is the RS-485 protocol).

    The following are instructions on how to connect the VFD to Mach3 via this RS-485 serial connection.

    The first thing you will need is the dynamic link library to pair with mach3 called the Huanyang VFD Mach3 PlugIn. You can find this file at the mach3 support forum here: http://www.machsupport.com/forum/index.php/topic,14182.0.html

    You will also need to download the Microsoft .net 3.5 framework and install it: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=21

    Follow the pdf that comes with the library file, but here is a synopsis of what you need to do (I also added a lot more information that may be useful during this process as the manual does not cover the main connections that need to be done):

    You will need to program your VFD so that it knows how to communicate with mach3 and the computer (go into the programming mode of the VFD and change these parameters):
    - PD001 - value 2 - Enables with communication aspect of the VFD
    - PD002 - value 2 - Enables frequency control from the communcations port
    - PD163 - value 1 - VFD address
    - PD164 - value 1 - Baud rate of 9600 (speed of the communication)
    - PD165 - value 3 - 8N1 RTU - 8 bits (that's the size of the word that gets communicated), N (No parity or no error checking) and 1 (1 stop bit)

    Copy the dll file to the PlugIns folder of mach3.

    Connect the RX and TX lines to your computer. There are a couple ways you can do this, but the recommended way would be to use an FTDI USB device which converts a USB to a serial com port. The device will have Rx and Tx connectors to connect to the VFD terminals with the same labels. This method is recommended since serial ports are not as common in computers these days.

    Next, you will need to configure mach3 to use the plugin library. Start mach3 and click on Menu -> config ->Config Plugins. Enable the new plugin by clicking on the red cross on the left column next to the plug in. Restart mach3 after doing this.

    No you need to configure mach3 to use the HuanyangVFD plugin. Go to the ports & pins configuration and select the spindle setup tab. Make sure that the Disable Spindle Relays checkbox is unchecked. We don't want mach3 to output a signal for a relay since the spindle will start up and turn off within the VFD and not from an external relay.

    Next, go to the HuanyangVFD settings by clicking on Menu -> plugin control -> HuanyangVFD. Set the parameters to the same settings you put into the VFD programming. The com port will be shown as new hardward when you plug in the USB FTDI device. A little bubble will be displayed at the bottom right where it will notify you that a new device is being installed (be patient while windows assigns a com port). Alternatively, you can use the windows device manager to see which port was set for the new USB FTDI device). You may need to restart mach3 several times until you get the correct information displayed in the PD001 and PD002 fields. When the com port is correct and the other parameters, like baud and VFD address is the same as you entered in the programming, then the PD001 and PD002 will show the number 2, otherwise, a 99 will appear which means that communication was not successful.

    You can now control the on/off and RPM of the spindle using the RS485 communication between mach3 and the VFD.

    Additional Information:
    The question was how to connect the spindle to the redfy. I did not receive a VFD.
    I have the redFly system and a 2.2kW Spindle - 110V how do i connect the spindle?

    Additional Information:
    If you received a spindle without a VFD, please contact us asap. Our spindle will not work without a VFD.

    Additional Information:
    Hi, how is this setup in mach4?

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    How do I conect the VFD of the spindle to the RS485 connections

  • WHAT ARE THE OUTPUT INVERTER (VFD) CONNECTIONS TO SPINDLE?

    U - Pin1
    V - Pin2
    W - Pin3
    Pin4 Dead

    Additional Information:
    My home made cnc is a big problem with my NC connection. When in start my spindle it will be gone wrong. It will be limith switch problem anytime. Need help thanks.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHAT ARE THE OUTPUT INVERTER (VFD) CONNECTIONS TO SPINDLE?

  • WHAT ARE THE SPINDLE INVERTERS (VFD) INPUT AC CONNECTIONS FROM WALL OUTLET?

    Input to VFD:
    240V Active - R
    240V Neutral - S
    Ground - E

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHAT ARE THE SPINDLE INVERTERS (VFD) INPUT AC CONNECTIONS FROM WALL OUTLET?

  • Please send a diagram of connections for pokeys57cnc to YL-620 VFD for Mach4

    When you install Mach4 and use the Pokeys57cnc, you will use the plug-in provided by Polabs.

    You can get this plug-in here:
    https://www.poscope.com/product/pokeys57cnc/

    The Pokeys57cnc has a 0-10V output pin (a pulse width modulated (PWM) output pin) labeled onthe diagram as pin 17. You can see this pin at the top of the diagram here:
    https://buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-electronic-component-breakout-Mach4-mach3-USB-ethernet-Board

    In Mach4, you will need to set the spindle speed output top this pin #17. In the plug-in, set this pin at 10kHz.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    Please send a diagram of connections for pokeys57cnc to YL-620 VFD for Mach4

  • I just purchased some wire for my 2.2 spindle as per your recommendation it's 14 AWG stranded wire for the VFD to Spindle (U, V, W) connections. However, it's a three wire (black, white and Ground). Which numbers on the female pin connector do I connect the wires to. Cheers.
  • WHICH WIRES ARE CONNECTED TO THE EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON

    You can use one of the terminals on the input side of the breakout board to connect the e-stop switch.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHICH WIRES ARE CONNECTED TO THE EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON

  • the pins on the 110 VFD are marked different than the one shown in picture?

    There is another image on the spindle page here that shows another type of wiring using the R, T and E terminals for power. The image is one of the clickable main images on that page:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/spindle-inverter-2!2kw-spindle-novfd

    Additional Information:
    Here is a link to the image directly:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/images/SpindleWiring-800.JPG

    And here is the link to the alternate diagram:

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/images/NewSpindleDiagram-800.JPG

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    the pins on the 110 VFD are marked different than the one shown in picture?

  • Is there a video link showing connections to your most recent frequency converter for the 2.2 spindle (type:YL600-2S-2K20)? Cheers.

    I am currently making a video right now. I will post the video in a few days.

    Additional Information:
    You guys rock!

    Additional Information:
    Don’t judge us until you see the video!! Haha.

    Additional Information:
    Here is the video that I promised. The video covers the main wiring of the VFD and spindle.



    I will do another video on the parameters.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    Is there a video link showing connections to your most recent frequency converter for the 2.2 spindle (type:YL600-2S-2K20)? Cheers.

  • I purchased the 4.0kw spindle and VFD a while back, and have just installed a PMDX-107 controller... do you have any examples of the wiring connections for the SL-240EE to PMDX-107?

    If you want speed control, it is recommended to use the RS-485 connection on the VFD and use the control program such as Mach3 to communication serially with the VFD using this RS-485 connection.

    If you would rather use a controller such as the PMDX-107 to simulate the effect of a potentiometer using the Aref, Aout and Agnd and the Rev/Dir and Fwd/Run terminals to control operation and direction, you can connect those to the VFD.

    PMDX-107 Aout connects to the VI (analog voltage in). This is like the wiper on a potentiometer.
    PMDX-107 Agnd connects to the ACM terminal on the VFD for Analog common.
    PMDX-107 COM connects to DCM terminal on the VFD for Digital common.
    PMDX-107 Fwd/Run connects to the FOR terminal on the VFD for Forward.
    PMDX-107 Rev/Dir connects to the REV terminal on the VFD for Reverse.

    Refer to your PMDX-107 manual to correctly configure your dip switch settings and make sure to calibrate (tweak) the speed control using the trimmer next to the terminals on the PMDX-107.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    I purchased the 4.0kw spindle and VFD a while back, and have just installed a PMDX-107 controller... do you have any examples of the wiring connections for the SL-240EE to PMDX-107?

  • I’M LOOKING TO PURCHASE SPINDLE AND VFD WAS CURIOS IF THE SPINDLES COME WITH COLLETS SO WHICH ONES?

    Yes, all of the spindles come with collets. The collets have a 1/4" (6.35mm) bore for end mills that have a 1/4" shank. The ER specification is different for the 1.5kW (ER-11) and the 2.2kW (ER-20).

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    I’M LOOKING TO PURCHASE SPINDLE AND VFD WAS CURIOS IF THE SPINDLES COME WITH COLLETS SO WHICH ONES?

  • WHICH CHEMICAL N ON THE PERIODIC TABLE.

    Nitrogen is the chemical element represented by the symbol N.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHICH CHEMICAL N ON THE PERIODIC TABLE.

  • ON WHICH CONTINENT THE SAHARA DESERT?

    Africa contains the Sahara Desert.

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    ON WHICH CONTINENT THE SAHARA DESERT?

  • What are the physical dimensions of the 2.2kw VFD?

    On Monday, when I get back into the office, I will provide the dimensions for the 2.2kW spindle and I will also provide a drawing of these dimensions on the spindle 2.2kW page. Thanks.

    Additional Information:
    Spindle dimensional specifications:

    - Overall diameter is 80mm
    - The length of the outer housing is 200 mm
    - Diameter of the extension just below the spindle is 36mm and the length is 12mm
    - The Collet shaft diameter is 11.318 and the collet nut diameter is 16.75mm and both extend from the extension approximately 52.5 mm
    - The overall length is 264.5mm not including the air ports and the electrical connector (outer housing 200mm + extension 12mm + collet shaft and nut 52.5 mm).
    - The air ports extend 20 mm from the top of the spindle

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    What are the physical dimensions of the 2.2kw VFD?

  • Are there any other manuals for the VFD that comes with the 2.2kw spindle?

    We have manuals for the VFD rather than the spindles. Can you specify what issue you may be having so we can help you better?

    Additional Information:
    I am having trouble wiring the VFD. (From the wall outlet to the VFD) I think the manual or setup guide on your website is wrong. The two diagrams show two different sets of terminals on the page.

    Also, do you have a video or other documentation on programming the VFD? Your videos and documentation looks like it only covers the 1.2kw version. Are the two different spindles from different manufacturers?

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    Are there any other manuals for the VFD that comes with the 2.2kw spindle?

  • WHICH CLASSICAL COMPOSER BECAME DEAF NEAR THE END OF HIS LIFE?

    Beethoven became deaf near the end of his life.

    Additional Information:
    How many strings does a bass guitar usually have

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHICH CLASSICAL COMPOSER BECAME DEAF NEAR THE END OF HIS LIFE?

  • WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

  • IN WHICH SPORT WAS MUHAMMAD ALI THE WORLD CHAMPION?

    Boxing is the sport Muhammad Ali was the world champion.

    Additional Information:
    Where was ricky martin born

    Additional Information:

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    IN WHICH SPORT WAS MUHAMMAD ALI THE WORLD CHAMPION?

  • WHICH CHEMICAL ELEMENT REPRESENTED BY THE SYMBOL N?

    Nitrogen is the chemical element represented by the symbol N.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    WHICH CHEMICAL ELEMENT REPRESENTED BY THE SYMBOL N?

  • IN WHICH COUNTRY WERE THE 2008 OLYMPIC GAMES HELD?

    The 2008 Olympic games were held in China.

    Click the link to add information to this solution:
    IN WHICH COUNTRY WERE THE 2008 OLYMPIC GAMES HELD?

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