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1/2" Anti-Backlash Lead Nut
$25.50
Introduction:

This is an anti-backlash nut that works with the 1/2" 10 TPI (Threads Per Inch) 5 start Lead Screw.

Description:

Mate this anti-backlash nut with 1/2" the lead screw that has 5 starts and 10 threads per inch. The effective turns per inch is two. CNC Machines require precise movement. Backlash occurs in many parts of the linear motion mechanics. With this anti-backlash nut, you will minimize this backlash tremendously. The anti-backlash is also known as a wear compensating nut.

As the machine is used over time, the lead screw may wear, and this nut will mechanically adjust for this wear. The lead screw and nut specifications: 2 turns per inch, 1/2" outside diameter lead screw, 10 threads per inch and has 5 starts (making it 2 turns per inch). The lead screw is ACME precision (same thing as saying the threads are square, not shaped like a "V"). The maximum continuous length is 77".

Related Tutorials
Step 9: Z-Axis Lead Screw and X-Axis Aluminum Angles
This tutorial is dated, if you are considering a CNC for your personal use, we would highly recommend purchasing a kit that is very stable from our wide range of machines available. Instead of using allthread for the lead screw and a standard nut, consider using a 5 start lead screw and anti-backlash nut. It will keep you from pulling out your hair by running much smoother and faster. Lead screws... hmmm... ok, let's talk concepts. The lead screw is the main component for the transmission of power in a linear form. Yes, a little like the transmission in the car, but much simpler. The screw yields a ratio of force to the linear motion, but conversely affects the speed and resolution of linear motion. To explain in more simpler terms, take a regular screw, and a nut. Hold the nut in one hand but don't turn it. Hold the screw in the other hand and screw it in the nut. Your hand is applying a force to the screw in a circular motion, hence the motor turning the shaft, and if the screw is turning at a stationary point in space, it will pull the nut toward the hand turning the screw. If the turning motion of the screw is reversed, the nut is pushed away from the hand turning the screw.
Technique to Minimize Backlash by Gérard C.
Getting rid of backlash seems to be the biggest concern for the CNC hobbyist, especially when milling PCBs since copper traces for surface mount devices are used. Surface mount devices are very small electronic parts that contain leads that are extremely close together, or the leads are found on the bottom of the component and the part usually lays flat on the PCB (Printed Circuit Board).
Step 7: Z-Axis Transmission Nut
This tutorial is dated, if you are considering a CNC for your personal use, we would highly recommend purchasing a kit that is very stable from our wide range of machines available. Instead of using allthread for the lead screw and a standard nut, consider using a 5 start lead screw and anti-backlash nut. It will keep you from pulling out your hair by running much smoother and faster. We will install the method that provides transmission to the z-axis. The transmission consists of a lead screw and a nut. Very simply, the motor will turn the screw, and the nut is fastened to the z-axis assembly, moving the assembly as the motor spins. That is to say, when the motor turns clockwise, the nut will travel up, and if the motor turns counter-clockwise, the nut will travel down.