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Question #: 1021

Question: What relay should be used with your USB BOB for controlling mist/flood/spindle on/off?

Current Solution

The relay that should be used with your USB BOB for controlling mist/flood/spindle on/off is one of the following options.

You could get and use the Planet-CNC.com Output Board found here, http://www.planet-cnc.com/index.php?page=shop

Or you could create your own setup using a resistor, solid state relay, transistor, and diode. You can watch this video, https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=PJO_XoLL6lQ, to find out the correct way to accomplish this.

Respond:

Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • What is the usb port for on the 5 Axis Breakout Board with Relay ($28.50)?

    The USB port located on the parallel 5 axis breakout board is for powering the board. There is no communications related to this port.

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    What is the usb port for on the 5 Axis Breakout Board with Relay ($28.50)?

  • What wire gauge should be used for the 36V 8.8 amp power supply

    Most of our power supplies allow for a 9 amp current draw.

    For the Neutral, Live and earth ground, wire gauge for that level of current is 14 for relatively short cable lengths. Increase the gauge for longer lengths past 25 feet.

    For the DC 24V output terminals to the drivers, 20 gauge is fine. If the power supply is connecting to only one driver, increase the wire gauge to 14.

    Additional Information:
    What gage wire should I use from motor to driver

    Click the link to respond:
    What wire gauge should be used for the 36V 8.8 amp power supply

  • What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?

    LinuxCNC has excellent documents; however, I would like to offer our help in case you don't understand the information on that page. So, please use this FAQ (Question #: 13233) to state your questions by submitting additional information below.

    The LinuxCNC spindle control page is found here: http://linuxcnc.org/docs/html/examples/spindle.html

    Additional Information:
    After reading the LinuxCNC page my first questions would be can the spindle be controlled by PWM signal? Also, what pin on the parallel port would I set to Spindle Enable and FRW?

    Additional Information:
    To connect your computer to the VFD, use a USB to RS-485 interface. RS-485 is just a serial interface protocol that uses standard 0 to +5 voltage TTL signal levels for communication (as opposed to RS-232 which uses -12v and +12 for signal level changes).

    Get a high quality interface to reduce any issues during the process. The VFD should have two terminals labeled RS+ and RS-. The USB to RS-485 adapter should have this labeled on it as well so the connections should be relatively straight forward.

    In the VFD parameters:
    PD001: 2 to accept RS485 commands
    PD002: 2 to accept frequency comands
    PD163: 1 to RS485 slave address:1
    PD164: 1 RS485 baud rate 9600
    PD165: 3 8bit, no parity, 1 stop bit

    Make sure LinuxCNC is also set accordingly:

    The PIN14 and PIN16 in the stepconf wizard should be set to unused because you don't want LinuxCNC to be outputting unnecessary signals.

    In the options step of the stepconf wizard:
    - Check the Include Halui user interface component.
    - Check the Include custom PyVCP GUI panel.
    - Check Spindle speed display

    You will want to edit the custom.hal text file located in the folder that was created from the stepconf wizard. Add these following lines:
    loadusr -Wn vfd hy_vfd -n vfd -d /dev/ttyUSB0 -p none -r 9600
    net spindle-cmd-rpm-abs => vfd.speed-command
    net spindle-cw motion.spindle-forward => vfd.spindle-forward
    net spindle-ccw motion.spindle-reverse => vfd.spindle-reverse
    net on motion.spindle-on => vfd.spindle-on

    The dev folder in linux is typically used for interfacing devices and peripherals to the computer as these devices are communicated by simple memory addresses and these files are linked directly to these addresses.

    Under the custom_postgui.hal file, change this line:

    from: sets spindle-at-speed true
    to: net spindle-at-speed => cfd.spindle_at_speed

    and add the line:

    setp vfd.enable 1

    When you start LinuxCNC, you will a spindle section with the reverse and forward buttons, a stop button and - and + buttons. Use these buttons to conform that the spindle is functioning properly. The spindle speed indicator in LinuxCNC will show the spindle speed and you can confirm that this is equal to the speed indicated on the VFD.


    Credit for this helpful information goes to:


    Additional information was also added by us to provide a better understanding.

    Click the link to respond:
    What settings does I use for controlling the spindle in StepCon/Linuxcnc?

  • what depth increment should I use for pocketing and profiling with the 1/2" end mill?

    The pocketing depth per pass will depend on the hardness of the material, the router/spindle you are using and on the melting point of the material. Use the feedrate that you would normally use for the size and type of end mill. You will need to test the depth per pass, starting at the full depth of the pocket. The spindle should have no problem, but if you are using a router, then it may bog down, so easing up on the depth per pass is recommended. If the spindle/router has no problem at the depths you are using, then you need to evaluate the edge finish to determine if it is acceptable. If it is not acceptable, then ease up on the depth per pass. Keep doing these steps until you have the finish and precision you expect.

    Click the link to respond:
    what depth increment should I use for pocketing and profiling with the 1/2" end mill?

  • Breakout Board with Relay. What is the USB connection on this board for? Does this board Still require a 5v power supply?

    We generally use the USB to power the interface (breakout board). The current from the computer is sufficient to supply the breakout board.

    Click the link to respond:
    Breakout Board with Relay. What is the USB connection on this board for? Does this board Still require a 5v power supply?

  • Helo. I'm using Meshcam to generate the toolpaths. What type of files should I "save as" for the greenbull CNC using Mach3 with the UC100 USB to Parallel?

    The file type to save for use with Mach3 is .tap or .nc. Make sure that you specify Mach3 as the post processor in Meshcam.

    Click the link to respond:
    Helo. I'm using Meshcam to generate the toolpaths. What type of files should I "save as" for the greenbull CNC using Mach3 with the UC100 USB to Parallel?

  • Is there a recommended cooling system for purchase that can be used with your 2.2 kW water cooled spindles?

    A standard water pump like this one will work: https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/pneumatic-hydraulic-water-pump-370-Gallons-Per-Hour-220v-110v

    You will also need silicone tubing at 1/4" ID and 3/8" OD to connect from the pump to the spindle: https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Item/pneumatic-hydraulic-silicone-tubing

    And a bucket to hold the water.

    You may also consider CPU cooling systems which can actually be fastened to the back of the gantry. We do this for the Fabricator Pro machine. The CPU cooling I would recommend is a small pump and cylinder with a heat sink, or a small radiator.

    Click the link to respond:
    Is there a recommended cooling system for purchase that can be used with your 2.2 kW water cooled spindles?

  • What kind of cooling system should we set up for the Blacktooth laser cutter laser tube? Can tap water be used? Is water temperature critical?

    The blackTooth's 40 watt laser tube can be cooled with simple tap water. A bit of anti-freeze keeps the tap water clean and free of algae. The cooler the water, the better output you will get from the laser. A great source of information can be found here: http://www.buildyourtools.com/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=3452

    Click the link to respond:
    What kind of cooling system should we set up for the Blacktooth laser cutter laser tube? Can tap water be used? Is water temperature critical?

  • What would be your recommendation for "power supply 2 (24vdc)" connecting to USB motion card?

    A 24V connection to the USB motion card is only needed if you are using limit switches (inputs), powering the spindle/VFD speed and direction, and for the outputs, for powering other devices (mist, coolant, etc.).

    If you are using a VFD (Variable Frequency Drive, also called Inverter) for a spindle, they typically have a 24V out terminal that can be used with our USB motion card. If you are not using a spindle/VFD (we highly recommend one), then you will need to purchase a 24v power supply to power that side of the board.

    The outputs mentioned above are to connect to external devices and will require a relay (a mechanical switch that is controlled by a digital signal). This mechanical switch can turn on a device like coolant and mist, or even a router, if you are using one. A relay is required to turn on these devices because the devices are typically higher voltage, like mains (110v or 220v). So, a relay can turn on or off a high voltage device with a lower voltage (24v) signal.

    Click the link to respond:
    What would be your recommendation for "power supply 2 (24vdc)" connecting to USB motion card?

  • I have a blue brew break-out board. Do I use a seprate power supply for it and what amp output should it have if used.

    We generally use the USB to power the interface (breakout board). The current from the computer is sufficient to supply the breakout board.

    Click the link to respond:
    I have a blue brew break-out board. Do I use a seprate power supply for it and what amp output should it have if used.

  • I have a blue brew break-out board. Do I use a seprate power supply for it and what amp output should it have if used.

    We generally use the USB to power the interface (breakout board). The current from the computer is sufficient to supply the breakout board.

    Click the link to respond:
    I have a blue brew break-out board. Do I use a seprate power supply for it and what amp output should it have if used.

  • WHAT LENGTH OF MOTOR CABLE SHOULD BE USED WTIH THE BLUECHICK V4.2

    The recommended total length of motor cable should be 15 feet for the blueChick v4.2

    Z - 6 feet
    Y - 5 feet
    X- 4 feet

    20 AWG 4 conductor

    If your drivers will be positioned farther from the machine, you may need longer cable.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHAT LENGTH OF MOTOR CABLE SHOULD BE USED WTIH THE BLUECHICK V4.2

  • can mach 3 be used with your usb breakout board?

    Mach3 is not compatible with the USB breakout board, so you need Planet CNC in its place.

    Additional Information:

    I am confused by this same issue. I am using the Mach3 USB interface board with Mach3 and it works fine. In fact a video of it is on this very website. (link below)

    Is the Mach3 USB interface board the same thing as Planet-CNC USB board?
    It has been stated on this FAQ that it cannot be used with Mach3 and can only be used with Planet CNC USB software.

    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-electronic-component-breakout-Mach3-USB-Board

    Click the link to respond:
    can mach 3 be used with your usb breakout board?

  • What grease should be used on Hiwin linear rails and blocks?

    You will want a grease that can be used in high temperature and heavy load situations also called high load bearing grease. A simple google search will yield many results from which to choose. We plan to carry this product in the near future (by the time you read this, we may already carry it).

    Click the link to respond:
    What grease should be used on Hiwin linear rails and blocks?

  • Hello thank you for the wonderful your efforts.may i ask? What is the unit of measurement used?

    The units of measurement that we use is Imperial, (inches, feet, etc.) but Metric units can be used with our machines as well (millimeters, centimeter, etc.).

    Click the link to respond:
    Hello thank you for the wonderful your efforts.may i ask? What is the unit of measurement used?

  • What would be your recommendation for "power supply 2 (24vdc)" connecting to USB motion card? Are there any videos explaining it's connection to the relay coil? (not quite sure what relay coil is)

    A 24V connection to the USB motion card is only needed if you are using limit switches (inputs), powering the spindle/VFD speed and direction, and for the outputs, for powering other devices (mist, coolant, etc.).

    If you are using a VFD (Variable Frequency Drive, also called Inverter) for a spindle, they typically have a 24V out terminal that can be used with our USB motion card. If you are not using a spindle/VFD (we highly recommend one), then you will need to purchase a 24v power supply to power that side of the board.

    The outputs mentioned above are to connect to external devices and will require a relay (a mechanical switch that is controlled by a digital signal). This mechanical switch can turn on a device like coolant and mist, or even a router, if you are using one. A relay is required to turn on these devices because the devices are typically higher voltage, like mains (110v or 220v). So, a relay can turn on or off a high voltage device with a lower voltage (24v) signal.

    Click the link to respond:
    What would be your recommendation for "power supply 2 (24vdc)" connecting to USB motion card? Are there any videos explaining it's connection to the relay coil? (not quite sure what relay coil is)

  • What should the "glue groove" width be for flexible strip brush?

    The width and height that we have on our brush piece for our cnc machines, is 1/4" width and .30" depth , the length is dependent on your specific dimension of brush and the design of the brush piece.

    Click the link to respond:
    What should the "glue groove" width be for flexible strip brush?

  • I am building a cnc mill using your USB controller and i would like to know what is the specification of potentiometer used for adjusting manual axis jog speed

    Dealing with our USB BoB, the potentiometer that will be used in the key jog, is a 5V, 5k - 10k Ohm potentiometer.

    Click the link to respond:
    I am building a cnc mill using your USB controller and i would like to know what is the specification of potentiometer used for adjusting manual axis jog speed

  • What output pins on your BOB are used to control the SuperPID?

    Yes, you can use any two of the output terminals of the breakout board to control the SuperPID closed loop router controller (a diagram is not needed with these instructions).

    One output terminal will be used as an on/off (1/0 or 5v/gnd) that will be invoked with the M3/M4/M5 M-codes in your g-code instructions.

    The other terminal will be connected to either another 5v/gnd signal to control speed for 5000/20000 rpm or for PWM output (recommended) for proportional speed control.

    To setup this configuration in Mach3, go to your ports and pins dialog box (config menu -> ports and pins). Click on the spindle setup tab. In the Motor Control Section of the dialog, check the box for Use Spindle Motor Output and check the box for PWM control. Change the PWM Base Frequency to 50Hz.

    Click the link to respond:
    What output pins on your BOB are used to control the SuperPID?