### Question #: 2384

Question:
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Using your NEMA 24 stepping motor with microstepping, can I get a speed range from 3 RPM to 600 RPM ?
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**The torque curve for the 651 oz-in stepping motor can be found here:
https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-nema34-651ozin#prettyPhoto**

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### Other Possible Solutions to this Question

**Can this driver accept 5 lead Nema 34 steppers: Stepping Motor Driver (24-70 volts DC, up to 6.0 amps, microstepping from 1/2 to 1/256)**Please measure the resistance between all the wires in all combinations to determine where these wires exists with the coils. I am not familiar with 5 wire stepper motors.

**Click the link to respond:**

Can this driver accept 5 lead Nema 34 steppers: Stepping Motor Driver (24-70 volts DC, up to 6.0 amps, microstepping from 1/2 to 1/256)**Are there torque-speed curves available for the NEMA 34 Stepping Motor (651 oz-in 1/2" dual shaft)?**The torque curve for the 651 oz-in stepping motor can be found here:

https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-nema34-651ozin#prettyPhoto**Click the link to respond:**

Are there torque-speed curves available for the NEMA 34 Stepping Motor (651 oz-in 1/2" dual shaft)?**Do I have to use the Postep Driver with the Pokey57CNC usb/ethernet board. Can I use the Motor Driver (24-40 volts DC, up to 3.0 amps, microstepping from 1 to 1/64) With The Pokeycnc USB/Ethernet board.**Since the Pokey57CNC outputs standard pulse and direction signals, you can use any stepper driver. So, you do not need to use the Postep driver to operate your stepper motors.

The Pokey57CNC control board is extremely feature rich and can be use to control very complex light or heavy CNC systems. Since most CNC system use high current drivers, the Pokey57CNC can be used with these systems.**Click the link to respond:**

Do I have to use the Postep Driver with the Pokey57CNC usb/ethernet board. Can I use the Motor Driver (24-40 volts DC, up to 3.0 amps, microstepping from 1 to 1/64) With The Pokeycnc USB/Ethernet board.**I cannot find a driver for the NEMA 14 Stepping Motor (17 oz-in 1/4" dual shaft) on your site, would something like the Pololu DRV8834 be okay? (I note that the stepper requires 2.7v)**The NENA 14 motor is paired with this driver and will work very well: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/motion%20electronics-steppermotordriver-newbiehack-Motor_Drivers-2!5_Amp_modular

**Click the link to respond:**

I cannot find a driver for the NEMA 14 Stepping Motor (17 oz-in 1/4" dual shaft) on your site, would something like the Pololu DRV8834 be okay? (I note that the stepper requires 2.7v)**Which power supply, 36V/8.8A or 24V/8.3, to drive one Nema 43 stepping motor?**You can find the wiring diagram, and technical specifications for the NEMA 23 motor, on it's product page, found here,

https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Item/electronicsAndMotors-nema23-100ozin-newbiehack-motors-stepping_motors-100_ozin

There is a datasheet below the product description. This image will expand to be easier visible once clicked on.**Click the link to respond:**

Which power supply, 36V/8.8A or 24V/8.3, to drive one Nema 43 stepping motor?**Which power supply, 36V/8.8A or 24V/8.3, to drive one Nema 43 stepping motor?**The NEMA 43 motor we stock has a 5.5A draw, which we recommend to pair with our 6.0 amp driver and 36V 8.8A Power Supply.

**Click the link to respond:**

Which power supply, 36V/8.8A or 24V/8.3, to drive one Nema 43 stepping motor?**I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**Here is the formula for steps/inch (steps per inch)

Steps = how many steps for a full ration of the motor = standard motor steps x number of microsteps for each step

Standard motor steps for our stepping motors is 200 steps per revolution.

Microsteps are selected on the driver and are shown as full, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32 etc... Use the denominator for the number of microsteps per step.

Inches = how far the travel is for one full rotation of the motor. For the 1/2" - 13 TPI (threads per inch), the travel length will be 1"/13 or .076923". So, for one revolution of the motor, the travel distance will be .076923 inches.

So, the steps = 200 * microsteps, let's make this 1/4 just for the formula.

The inches will be .076923. Plug those into the formula:

Steps / inch = (200 * 4) / .076923 This can also be written as:

200 * 4 / (1 / 13) = 10,400**Click the link to respond:**

I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**I bought Nema 24 motors and driver package with usb board. What do i need to have more speed? Cant even jog past 25 ipm without the motor stalling (not having enough torgue)**We recommend checking the dip switch settings on your drivers, having the correct microstepping/amp settings along with the steps/unit will help the motors run as effective as possible.

This is a default parameter that we use while we test our motors:

Driver dip switch settings will be at a 1/16 microstepping and 2.7amp (11001100) for x/y-axis and the z-axis will be at 1/4 microstepping and 2.7amp (10101100).

In planet-cnc with increasing the motor speed, you will have to modify the settings in planet-cnc (File/settings/setup) you will modify the initial speed, maximum speed, and the acceleration.

X/Y-axis step/unit: 1422.22 initial speed:500 maximum speed:750 acceleration:25

Z-axis step/unit: 1600 initial speed:100 maximum speed:300 acceleration:25

The initial speed and maximum speed will have to be roughly tested and adjusted per application.

Make sure to adjust the JOG slide bard underneath the axis controls on screen to about 750, to compensate for your x/y-axis adjustments. If left alone the speed will max out at the default setting.

Here is a video tutorial to calculate the steps required depending on your mechanical linear motion components. ( )**Click the link to respond:**

I bought Nema 24 motors and driver package with usb board. What do i need to have more speed? Cant even jog past 25 ipm without the motor stalling (not having enough torgue)**I have your Nema 24 electronics kit and am having problems with the Z axis dropping over time. I am using a PC 8902 motor. Any ideas on what the problem is? What should be the motor tuning values in Mach3? Thanks**Make sure all your bolts/screws are tighten correctly and if using a lead screw make sure your anti-backlash nut is not offset. Now a default setting will be 10101100 for your driver dip switch settings and in motor tuning (mach3) 1600 steps per, 400.02 velocity, 4 in acceleration. now the acceleration and velocity can be adjusted to move your machine faster, but if set to high they could stall. Make sure you have the correct wiring from your motor to your driver (https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Documents/PN.SM60HT86-2008BF-U%20(inhouse%20PN.60BYGH303-13)%20(1).pdf).

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I have your Nema 24 electronics kit and am having problems with the Z axis dropping over time. I am using a PC 8902 motor. Any ideas on what the problem is? What should be the motor tuning values in Mach3? Thanks**CAN THERE BE CLOSED LOOP CONTROL WITH STEPPING MOTORS?**I haven't delved into using encoders with stepping motors too much. From my research, you need to have a controller that can provide the closed loop control, rather than software handling that process. I have also found from my research that using encoders on stepping motors is generally used to stop the machine in the case that the motor failed to achieve the commanded position for some reason and gives the user the chance to correct and continue with the job.

If you want proper closed loop control, it may be best to go with servos and servo controller that provide the closed loop control within the real of those two components.**Click the link to respond:**

CAN THERE BE CLOSED LOOP CONTROL WITH STEPPING MOTORS?**What is the number of pole pairs and rotor inertia for NEMA 23 Stepping motor?**You can find the wiring diagram, and technical specifications for the NEMA 23 motor, on it's product page, found here,

https://www.buildyourcnc.com/Item/electronicsAndMotors-nema23-100ozin-newbiehack-motors-stepping_motors-100_ozin

There is a datasheet below the product description. This image will expand to be easier visible once clicked on.**Click the link to respond:**

What is the number of pole pairs and rotor inertia for NEMA 23 Stepping motor?**I have your nema 24 motors using the 36v power supply. Should I use the Bipolar series for the wiring the motors since I am using the 36 volt ad not a 24v power supply?**When connecting our power supply, no matter if it is 24 or 36 volts with our drivers/motors, you should always use bipolar parallel. This will allow you to have the best torque at higher speeds.

**Click the link to respond:**

I have your nema 24 motors using the 36v power supply. Should I use the Bipolar series for the wiring the motors since I am using the 36 volt ad not a 24v power supply?**CAN I USE A STEPPING MOTOR WITH AN ENCODER?**I haven't delved into using encoders with stepping motors too much. From my research, you need to have a controller that can provide the closed loop control, rather than software handling that process. I have also found from my research that using encoders on stepping motors is generally used to stop the machine in the case that the motor failed to achieve the commanded position for some reason and gives the user the chance to correct and continue with the job.

If you want proper closed loop control, it may be best to go with servos and servo controller that provide the closed loop control within the real of those two components.**Click the link to respond:**

CAN I USE A STEPPING MOTOR WITH AN ENCODER?**I am upgrading a CNC with 3 stepping motors, and its all I want to keep. What technical information do you need in order to receive a quotation from you with the new items I need to buy from you?**Dealing with your CNC upgrade we will need a good detail on exactly what you plan on keeping and reusing, all technical information about the parts that you keep will make our recommendations more precise for your application.

Please email customerservice@buildyourcnc.com for any quote related questions.**Click the link to respond:**

I am upgrading a CNC with 3 stepping motors, and its all I want to keep. What technical information do you need in order to receive a quotation from you with the new items I need to buy from you?**I am using you reliable builder, though i am building from scratch. Can you help me size motors to my construction?**Sure, please describe the machine that you are building and the material with which the gantry and other parts will be built.

**Click the link to respond:**

I am using you reliable builder, though i am building from scratch. Can you help me size motors to my construction?**Is there a better manual for the laser engraving controle having problems with the set up of the stepping motors etc**This "question 12186" could be a good place to house questions on the laser controller. We are in the process of creating thorough video instructions, but please add specific questions by clicking the "submit additional information" and we will answer questions regarding the laser controller with detail.

**Click the link to respond:**

Is there a better manual for the laser engraving controle having problems with the set up of the stepping motors etc**I have a 5hp 3600 rpm 3phs spindle motor will your inverter work for this application 1.5kw?**No. Horsepower is a measure of the rate at which a device can do work, as is the Watt. The conversion ratio is about 746 Watts = 1 Horsepower. Therefore your 5hp motor is equivalent to about 3,730 Watts. The kW designates kilowatts, or units of 1,000 Watts. So a 1.5kW inverter can supply only 1,500 Watts. Our larger inverter supplies 2.2kW, but you need a minimum of 3.7kW for your application.

**Click the link to respond:**

I have a 5hp 3600 rpm 3phs spindle motor will your inverter work for this application 1.5kw?**I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can lift using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**There are two main questions that we can answer with respect to motor torque and the mechanical advantage of lead screws, 1) What torque motor do you need to lift a particular weight, or 2) What maximum weight will my motor torque be able to lift.

This formula uses Newtons (N) as it's final unit. Use this with the included radius (R) to determine the torque. Newtons can easily be converted to lbs or ounces using online conversions.

Effort = Sf + (Load/(2 x pi x (R/p) x Se))

where:

p = pitch of the screw

Se = screw efficiency = Standard lead screw will be between 20% (.2) and 40% (.4)

Sf = static force. This is the force that is needed to start the movement. The number may be eliminated, but it is good to use a number in the 5 N to 20 N range.

Load = the expected load that the effort will need to carry (i.e., the router and the included axis assembly that the motor will need to lift)

R = radius of the lead screw

This formula is based on the "law of the machine"

The final effort amount with its unit of newtons and R will be the torque. For example, if the effort comes to 100 N (newtons) and the R is .5 inches, then you can assume that the effort is 50 N-in since it would take twice the effort to turn form the one inch mark from the center of the shaft.

Example:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 13 = .08 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .08) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 12.5 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (15.7))

Effort = 5 N + (5.73 N)

Effort = 10.7 N = 2.4 lbs = 38.4 oz-in

I am putting the oz-in on the end because the formula considers the distance from the center of the shaft to be one inch.

Therefore, a 425 oz-in motor would be able to lift a 20.2 lb Router with its accompanying assembly. If the assembly and router is heavier, plug in the numbers and determine the effort required.

With a bit of algebra, the formula can be rewritten to find the load:

Load = (Effort - Sf) x (2 x pi x (R/p) x Se)

Another formula that does not consider friction at all:

Effort = (Load x p) / (2 x pi x R)

Lets see if we get similar results:

Effort = (20 lb x .08 inches) / (2 x 3.14 x 1)

Effort = 1.6 / 6.28 = .255 lbs = 4.08 oz-in

The results from both formulas appear to be very small because a 13 TPI screw will have enormous mechanical advantage.

It is evident that the first formula that does consider friction that we are loosely estimating is far more conservative than the second formula. Either way, even the most conservative formula shows that the 425 oz-in motor will handle very large weights. If you are using a lead screw with only two turns per inch, .5 inch pitch, you can determine the requirements with the first formula.

Example for a 10 TPI 5 start (2 turns per inch) lead screw:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 2 = .5 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .5) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 2 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2.512))

Effort = 5 N + (35.83 N)

Effort = 40.828 N = 9.18 lbs = 146.88 oz-in

Customer Response:

thank you so much

Additional Information:

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Additional Information:

how do i calculate torque of stepper motor if lead screw coupled to motor shaft and load applied by lead screw on plate is 100 kg by vertically

Additional Information:

Pls

Additional Information:

1m 16mmdiameter ball screws calculations**Click the link to respond:**

I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can lift using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**can your vacuum pump controller card work with a 1-1/2 HP single phase 200v motor?**The relay on the Vacuum Pump Controller can handle up to 250V and 12A. If your vacuum pump falls below those values, then the vacuum pump controller will work.

Link to the vacuum pump controller:

https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-pneumatic-hydraulic-vacuum-pump-controller-sensor-redfrog-v1**Click the link to respond:**

can your vacuum pump controller card work with a 1-1/2 HP single phase 200v motor?