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Question #: 4686

Question: My limit switches keep tripping a reset. Wiring all seems right. Could there be another cause I can check?

Current Solution

http://buildyourcnc.com/PrimeronHomingandLimitSwitches.aspx
There is a pin setting in Mach3 that says how to react to the inputs from the switches. Your setting is probably wrong as the trigger happens immediately.

You may want to think about shielded wire and/or a resistor on each limit switch line. If there are stray wires, connect them to ground. Additionally, the shield from the shielded cable insulation should alse connected to ground at both ends.
Try upping the Debounce interval in Mach3. You have to adjust the debounce interval. You go to config,general config, and it is in the top right corner. I set mine to 100 and it seems to work well.

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how to solution cnc revo 540 limit tripped error?


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Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • THE SWITCHES KEEP TRIPPING! AT TIMES IT IS LITERALLY AS SOON CLICK RESET ON MACH 3 THEY TRIP AGAIN.

    http://buildyourcnc.com/PrimeronHomingandLimitSwitches.aspx
    There is a pin setting in Mach3 that says how to react to the inputs from the switches. Your setting is probably wrong as the trigger happens immediately.

    You may want to think about shielded wire and/or a resistor on each limit switch line. If there are stray wires, connect them to ground. Additionally, the shield from the shielded cable insulation should alse connected to ground at both ends.
    Try upping the Debounce interval in Mach3. You have to adjust the debounce interval. You go to config,general config, and it is in the top right corner. I set mine to 100 and it seems to work well.

    Additional Information:
    how to solution cnc revo 540 limit tripped error?


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    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    THE SWITCHES KEEP TRIPPING! AT TIMES IT IS LITERALLY AS SOON CLICK RESET ON MACH 3 THEY TRIP AGAIN.

  • I recently received missing stop button and limit switches in my 5x kit. Thank you. Is there suppose to be any bulk wiring in kit for limit switches and 2.2 spindle? If not could you please describe correct gauge wire for both? Cheers.

    The hookup wires you will need is 22 to 24 AWG stranded and shielded for the wiring of the limit switches and E_Stop. Our kit customers select various places for these switches, so we don't supply the wiring. If you don't use shielded cable, you will need to change the debounce setting in Mach3 (if that is the control program you are using).

    We typically use 14 AWG stranded wire for the VFD to Spindle (U, V, W) connections.

    Click the link to respond:
    I recently received missing stop button and limit switches in my 5x kit. Thank you. Is there suppose to be any bulk wiring in kit for limit switches and 2.2 spindle? If not could you please describe correct gauge wire for both? Cheers.

  • Are there any videos detailing wiring of limit switches and stop button?

    This video may serve helpful on the homing and limit switches:
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/PrimeronHomingandLimitSwitches.aspx

    I don't go into great detail on the wiring, however. If after you watch that video and you still need a video, please let me know and I will make a video on the wiring of limit switches and the E-stop button.

    Click the link to respond:
    Are there any videos detailing wiring of limit switches and stop button?

  • On B-Y-CNC USB Controller, I built a Kybd Jog pad to connect with on-board header. Jog seems to be backwards (Y+ moves it in the Y- direction). I've checked wiring. Could there be an error in the firmware?

    When you have Jogged the motor using the Keyboard Jog header, did you also try Jogging it with the on screen arrows? If it is also inverted, you will have to invert the axis to move it in the direction you require: Planet-CNC/File/Settings/Axes/Reverse (check box) on the axis that is running in reverse.

    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:
    The on-screen jog works properly, but the keyboard jog header runs the motors backwards. I had played with the software reverse function too, but couldn't get the on-screen and the keyboard pendant to work in the same direction. That's what lead me to check my wiring (maybe I had wires going to the wrong side of the header), and then to suspect a possible firmware error. I get the same story with all three axes.

    I wanted to see if anyone else has any experience with the keyboard jog header.

    Click the link to respond:
    On B-Y-CNC USB Controller, I built a Kybd Jog pad to connect with on-board header. Jog seems to be backwards (Y+ moves it in the Y- direction). I've checked wiring. Could there be an error in the firmware?

  • I HAVE A 2000 WK 11–3 Z LIMIT SWITCHES GOING TO C10R10 BREAKOUT BOARD . CAN ALSO USE THEM AS MY HOME POSITION WELL. NEED THE WIRING CONFIGURATION

    No, you should not have received two parallel breakout boards in your CNC kit. You can return the extra item using standard shipping with COD. Our apologies for the confusion and the inconvenience.

    I will answer the other question as another FAQ. Please check the Customer Service page to see the answer to that question.

    If you have difficulty finding the answer, here is a link:
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/FAQ/13636

    Click the link to respond:
    I HAVE A 2000 WK 11–3 Z LIMIT SWITCHES GOING TO C10R10 BREAKOUT BOARD . CAN ALSO USE THEM AS MY HOME POSITION WELL. NEED THE WIRING CONFIGURATION

  • I have a 2000 WK 11–3 Z limit switches going to A c10r10 breakout board . Can I also use them as my home position as well. I need The wiring configuration

    No, you should not have received two parallel breakout boards in your CNC kit. You can return the extra item using standard shipping with COD. Our apologies for the confusion and the inconvenience.

    I will answer the other question as another FAQ. Please check the Customer Service page to see the answer to that question.

    If you have difficulty finding the answer, here is a link:
    https://www.buildyourcnc.com/FAQ/13636

    Click the link to respond:
    I have a 2000 WK 11–3 Z limit switches going to A c10r10 breakout board . Can I also use them as my home position as well. I need The wiring configuration

  • Hi there, when the gantry bumps up against a limit switch and triggers it, how do you tell Mach3 to allow me to jog the motor away from the limit switch? ie: I can't press RESET because the limit is open.... how do I move it? Thx.

    If you select the Settings Page and select or tick Auto Limit Override - this will allow you to back off the switch.

    Additional Information:
    limit and home switch

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    Hi there, when the gantry bumps up against a limit switch and triggers it, how do you tell Mach3 to allow me to jog the motor away from the limit switch? ie: I can't press RESET because the limit is open.... how do I move it? Thx.

  • Hi there, when the gantry bumps up against a limit switch and triggers it, how do you tell Mach3 to allow me to jog the motor away from the limit switch? ie: I can't press RESET because the limit is open.... how do I move it? Thx.

    If you select the Settings Page and select or tick Auto Limit Override - this will allow you to back off the switch.

    Additional Information:
    limit and home switch

    Click the link to respond:
    Hi there, when the gantry bumps up against a limit switch and triggers it, how do you tell Mach3 to allow me to jog the motor away from the limit switch? ie: I can't press RESET because the limit is open.... how do I move it? Thx.

  • Do you have a wiring diagram for a 3 axis system using your compotents. It would be nice if it showed the estop, limit switches,relays...

    Depending on the Breakout board that was purchased with your electronics combo, either USB or Parallel:
    USB: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-electronic-component-USB-Controller-Breakout#prettyPhoto/2/
    Parallel: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-parallel-breakout-relay#prettyPhoto/2/

    These will have the inputs labeled on the board itself, for example:
    USB will have the inputs for all the axis from X, Y, Z, A, limit switches.
    Parallel there will be 4 inputs 10, 11, 12, 13, 16(relay). Which can be used as E-stop, Limits (for all axes if wired in a closed loop), and one relay for a spindle control on/off via mach 3 or mach 4 or a specific relay control that you desire.

    Click the link to respond:
    Do you have a wiring diagram for a 3 axis system using your compotents. It would be nice if it showed the estop, limit switches,relays...

  • There are no limit switches in my Greenbull 5x10 kit. Are these no longer needed?

    You most definitely should have received limit switches in your package. We will send you the missing limit switches.

    But to directly answer your question; no, limit switches are not needed with CNC machines. You can set up soft limits to make sure the machine does not go out of bounds.

    With that said, if the motors stall for some reason and the computer does not know the actual position of the gantry or the spindle, then the machine may actually go out of bounds and the machine may hit a physical limit. With or without limit switches, the machine will stop.

    Additional Information:
    Please call the office so that we know who you are and we can send the limit switches to the correct person.

    Click the link to respond:
    There are no limit switches in my Greenbull 5x10 kit. Are these no longer needed?

  • When wiring NC limit switches in series to the V5 BOB where are the connections made on the BOB?

    The breakout board has input pins on one side. Use these pins to connect limit switches. The return of the circuit goes to gnd which is located on the same side, where the input pins are located.

    Click the link to respond:
    When wiring NC limit switches in series to the V5 BOB where are the connections made on the BOB?

  • AM STRUGGLING TO DOWNLOAD THE LINUX EMC2 FREEWARE. MY GET INTERRUPTED AT LAST MINUTE. IS THERE ANOTHER WAY OR PLACE WHERE COULD MAYBE TRY IT FROM?

    You should use the linuxcnc.org site and click on the download menu item. They have an EU mirror as the main download option.

    Click the link to respond:
    AM STRUGGLING TO DOWNLOAD THE LINUX EMC2 FREEWARE. MY GET INTERRUPTED AT LAST MINUTE. IS THERE ANOTHER WAY OR PLACE WHERE COULD MAYBE TRY IT FROM?

  • How can I convert from Xylotex to yours, four axis with limit switches. Have parallel PC and steppers on machine.

    Sure, the USB interface has a place for 4 axes of limit switches.

    Each axis can have two limit switches: one for the ++ (positive) end and one for the -- (negative) end. The positive end would be the limit switch at the end of the machine that, say the machine has a 4'x8' area, reaches a bit after the 8 foot mark. The negative end would be the limit switch behind the 0 foot location behind the origin. If the origin is in the middle, the negative would be at a little more than the -4 foot end and the positive would be at a bit more than the +4 foot end. Note that you can have more than one switch on each pin where the NC is connected in serial fashion and the NO is connected in parallel fashion (this can be seen on the diagram in the multiple limits switch section). The software configurations for the limits switches are under File -> Settings -> Limit.

    A typical limit switch has three connections on it. These connections consist of COM (common), NC (normally closed) and NO (normally open). The COM would generally go to GND and the NC or the NO would go to the pin. If the NC is used, then the the switch is constantly connected until the switch is pushed (engaged) then the connection from the pin to gnd is broken (open). Use the settings in software to set whether in NC or NO configuration.

    Let me know if this information was helpful (or not) by adding information to this question. Thanks.

    User response:
    Thank you very much for this helpful information. I'm still a little fuzzy on how the 6 limit switches physically connect to each other and to the USB breakout board. You've stated one switch (home) goes to positive and another switch (limit) goes to negative. Are all the GND prongs from all 6 switches connected to each other and going to GND on the breakout board, or no? And the NC prongs, how exactly are they connected to each other? And to the board? There has to be a diagram somewhere shows this visually, no? I don't know how to wire the switches in series or in parallel. I have already physically installed all the switches on the machine and ran the wires to where the board is. Now I just need to know where to plug these wires into the board. Also, taking into consideration that I'm using the Planet CNC software, the only settings I have pertaining to limit switches is "Enable/Disable" for each axis, and the actual limit for each axis. Nothing about NC or NO. Is that only in Mach3?
    Thank you.

    buildyourcnc response:
    On the USB interface, the COM on the switch connects to GND and the NC or NO connects to the input pin (i.e. x++, y--, etc.)

    Limit switch configuration is rather difficult to understand, especially with series and parallel. You can think of series as a single wire going from GND to the axis letter input terminal (i.e. X++ or X--). If the wire is broken, then the circuit is open (or the switch is engaged in a normally closed scenario). Normally closed is like an actual wire, and when engaged, the switch "opens" (breaks the wire). This is why we recommend in some systems that you can put many switches in series on a single pin. When one of the switches is engaged (breaking the connection) then the entire circuit of switches is broken and the machine stops.

    In a parallel scenario, the state of the circuit is always broken until the one of the switches is engaged and the circuit is then closed or connected. The topology looks like a ladder. All the switches connect to both sides of the ladder and the switches are like the runs of the ladder (the horizontal bars that the feet are placed while climbing). Imagine all of the switches broken in this scenario (normally open). It would be like the ladder could be split in two, but if one of the ladder runs (switches) is closed by engaging it, then that run would connect both sides of the ladder and the two sides of the ladder would have a connection.

    There is a diagram on the USB page of the various limit switch configurations. If you need more information (visual and/or otherwise), please let us know and we will immediately add that information to benefit everyone.

    Click the link to respond:
    How can I convert from Xylotex to yours, four axis with limit switches. Have parallel PC and steppers on machine.

  • laser wont fire using the trocen awc...double checked wiring and all seems correct to diagram

    Is there a test button on the laser tube power supply? You can test the laser output by using the test button. This will help you determine if the laser tube is bad, or if you have wiring issues. Sometimes, wiring to he TL may not work as some controllers are set to active low, so you may need to wire the controller to TH instead.

    Additional Information:
    Additionally, the mA on the high tension line does not have any relationship to the digital trigger signal from the controller to the power supply.

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    laser wont fire using the trocen awc...double checked wiring and all seems correct to diagram

  • Do you sell 22 to 24 AWG stranded and shielded for wiring of the limit switches and E_Stop?

    The wire that we sell for the limit switch wiring is here: https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/3d-printer-component-cnc-electronicsandmotors-cable-wire-3-conductor-22-awg-wrcon-cablewire3conductor22awg

    This is shielded cable to make sure there isn't any external interference with sensitive components and long wires associated with limit switches. This is necessary due to the interference caused by the motors on a CNC router and the milling process.

    Additional Information:
    So unshielded is cool. That's what I was curious about. Cheers.

    Additional Information:
    Absolutely. It's really the only type of cable I would recommend for connecting limit switches.

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    Do you sell 22 to 24 AWG stranded and shielded for wiring of the limit switches and E_Stop?

  • What is the wiring configuration for limit switches on the laser controller?

    If you are using the AWC708 or equivalent laser controller, the limit switches will connect between the EL input terminal and the GND terminal in normally open (NO) connection. Most limit switches can be connected as NO, or normally closed (NC).

    For instance, a limit switch for the X- limit will be connected from the ELX- terminal to the NO connection of the limit switch, then a connection from the GND terminal on the laser controller to the COM connection to the same limit switch.

    Click the link to respond:
    What is the wiring configuration for limit switches on the laser controller?

  • laser wont fire...double checked wiring and all seems correct to diagram

    Is there a test button on the laser tube power supply? You can test the laser output by using the test button. This will help you determine if the laser tube is bad, or if you have wiring issues. Sometimes, wiring to he TL may not work as some controllers are set to active low, so you may need to wire the controller to TH instead.

    Additional Information:
    Additionally, the mA on the high tension line does not have any relationship to the digital trigger signal from the controller to the power supply.

    Click the link to respond:
    laser wont fire...double checked wiring and all seems correct to diagram

  • wiring limit switches in series NC to the V5 Break Out Board

    When wiring limit switches to the breakout board, generally NC (Normally Closed) are connected in series (acts like a wire that when broken, breaks the circuit). NO (Normally Open) is generally wired in parallel where if one is pressed, the wire creates a circuit connecting the pin to gnd.

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    wiring limit switches in series NC to the V5 Break Out Board

  • limit switches tripping from interferencee

    http://buildyourcnc.com/PrimeronHomingandLimitSwitches.aspx
    There is a pin setting in Mach3 that says how to react to the inputs from the switches. Your setting is probably wrong as the trigger happens immediately.

    You may want to think about shielded wire and/or a resistor on each limit switch line. If there are stray wires, connect them to ground. Additionally, the shield from the shielded cable insulation should alse connected to ground at both ends.
    Try upping the Debounce interval in Mach3. You have to adjust the debounce interval. You go to config,general config, and it is in the top right corner. I set mine to 100 and it seems to work well.

    Additional Information:
    how to solution cnc revo 540 limit tripped error?


    Additional Information:


    Additional Information:

    Click the link to respond:
    limit switches tripping from interferencee