### Question #: 14153

Question:
**
With a 1/2 lead screw what is the optimal steps for the stepper motor driver 1/16, 1/8, 1/4 etc
**

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**We typically use a 1/4 microstepping for lead screws, but you want to determine the microstepping only after you determine what resolution you want on that axis of the machine.
The formula:
Resolution is steps per inch or steps per milimeter
I will go over this using steps/inch:
steps = motor steps x driver microstepping
inch = the amount of travel with one full stepper motor rotation
In the case of our 1/2" 5 start 10 TPI lead screw, the axis will travel .5 inches with one stepper motor rotation.
Let's use 1/4 microstepping (4 microsteps for each stepper motor step)
Therefore:
(200 steps x 4) / .5 inches =
800 steps / .5 inches =
1600 steps/inch
Now let's use 1/2 microstepping (2 mistrosteps)
(200 steps x 2) / .5 inches =
400 steps / .5 inches =
800 steps/inch
Remember that increasing microsteps, the torque is also reduced, but the smoothness from the motor is increased.**

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### Other Possible Solutions to this Question

**I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**Here is the formula for steps/inch (steps per inch)

Steps = how many steps for a full ration of the motor = standard motor steps x number of microsteps for each step

Standard motor steps for our stepping motors is 200 steps per revolution.

Microsteps are selected on the driver and are shown as full, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32 etc... Use the denominator for the number of microsteps per step.

Inches = how far the travel is for one full rotation of the motor. For the 1/2" - 13 TPI (threads per inch), the travel length will be 1"/13 or .076923". So, for one revolution of the motor, the travel distance will be .076923 inches.

So, the steps = 200 * microsteps, let's make this 1/4 just for the formula.

The inches will be .076923. Plug those into the formula:

Steps / inch = (200 * 4) / .076923 This can also be written as:

200 * 4 / (1 / 13) = 10,400**Click the link to respond:**

I am asking what to set my steps per using your kit stepper motors and a 1/2"x13 lead screw with Mach3**What are the toggle switch settings on the stepper motor drivers for the .5 in. lead screw 10 tpi 2 turns per inch? Thankyou!**On the top of the stepper motor drivers is a grid with the appropriate toggle switch positions for the lead screw being used. If it is 2 turns per inch, the proper toggle switch positions would be 01101110. Try this and see if it works.

**Click the link to respond:**

What are the toggle switch settings on the stepper motor drivers for the .5 in. lead screw 10 tpi 2 turns per inch? Thankyou!**I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can lift using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**There are two main questions that we can answer with respect to motor torque and the mechanical advantage of lead screws, 1) What torque motor do you need to lift a particular weight, or 2) What maximum weight will my motor torque be able to lift.

This formula uses Newtons (N) as it's final unit. Use this with the included radius (R) to determine the torque. Newtons can easily be converted to lbs or ounces using online conversions.

Effort = Sf + (Load/(2 x pi x (R/p) x Se))

where:

p = pitch of the screw

Se = screw efficiency = Standard lead screw will be between 20% (.2) and 40% (.4)

Sf = static force. This is the force that is needed to start the movement. The number may be eliminated, but it is good to use a number in the 5 N to 20 N range.

Load = the expected load that the effort will need to carry (i.e., the router and the included axis assembly that the motor will need to lift)

R = radius of the lead screw

This formula is based on the "law of the machine"

The final effort amount with its unit of newtons and R will be the torque. For example, if the effort comes to 100 N (newtons) and the R is .5 inches, then you can assume that the effort is 50 N-in since it would take twice the effort to turn form the one inch mark from the center of the shaft.

Example:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 13 = .08 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .08) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 12.5 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (15.7))

Effort = 5 N + (5.73 N)

Effort = 10.7 N = 2.4 lbs = 38.4 oz-in

I am putting the oz-in on the end because the formula considers the distance from the center of the shaft to be one inch.

Therefore, a 425 oz-in motor would be able to lift a 20.2 lb Router with its accompanying assembly. If the assembly and router is heavier, plug in the numbers and determine the effort required.

With a bit of algebra, the formula can be rewritten to find the load:

Load = (Effort - Sf) x (2 x pi x (R/p) x Se)

Another formula that does not consider friction at all:

Effort = (Load x p) / (2 x pi x R)

Lets see if we get similar results:

Effort = (20 lb x .08 inches) / (2 x 3.14 x 1)

Effort = 1.6 / 6.28 = .255 lbs = 4.08 oz-in

The results from both formulas appear to be very small because a 13 TPI screw will have enormous mechanical advantage.

It is evident that the first formula that does consider friction that we are loosely estimating is far more conservative than the second formula. Either way, even the most conservative formula shows that the 425 oz-in motor will handle very large weights. If you are using a lead screw with only two turns per inch, .5 inch pitch, you can determine the requirements with the first formula.

Example for a 10 TPI 5 start (2 turns per inch) lead screw:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 2 = .5 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .5) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 2 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2.512))

Effort = 5 N + (35.83 N)

Effort = 40.828 N = 9.18 lbs = 146.88 oz-in

Customer Response:

thank you so much

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

how do i calculate torque of stepper motor if lead screw coupled to motor shaft and load applied by lead screw on plate is 100 kg by vertically

Additional Information:

Pls

Additional Information:

1m 16mmdiameter ball screws calculations**Click the link to respond:**

I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can lift using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**stepper motor runs smooth then rough for a moment then smooth, etc. Does this at all steps, and connected motors.**This sounds like it could be a loose wire, or poor connection with the motor wires. Make sure all wires that are to be connected to each other are soldered and use a lineman's splice when putting the wires together. Also, make sure that the wires going into the driver is securely fastened.

If this is an issue where the motors have run well for a long time then just started to show this performance issue, then make sure that there are no wire ties or other binding method that is chaffing the wires. This would make the motors run oddly at certain travel positions where the chafing has caused a short with the wires.

If this is an issue where you don't have the motor plugged in at all and are just trying to turn it by hand and this phenomenon is occuring, then make sure all of the wires are not touching each other. When wires are touching each other and you are trying to spin the shaft by hand, the motor will feed current back into the motor making it difficult to turn.**Click the link to respond:**

stepper motor runs smooth then rough for a moment then smooth, etc. Does this at all steps, and connected motors.**I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can withstand in horizontal position using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**There are two main questions that we can answer with respect to motor torque and the mechanical advantage of lead screws, 1) What torque motor do you need to lift a particular weight, or 2) What maximum weight will my motor torque be able to lift.

This formula uses Newtons (N) as it's final unit. Use this with the included radius (R) to determine the torque. Newtons can easily be converted to lbs or ounces using online conversions.

Effort = Sf + (Load/(2 x pi x (R/p) x Se))

where:

p = pitch of the screw

Se = screw efficiency = Standard lead screw will be between 20% (.2) and 40% (.4)

Sf = static force. This is the force that is needed to start the movement. The number may be eliminated, but it is good to use a number in the 5 N to 20 N range.

Load = the expected load that the effort will need to carry (i.e., the router and the included axis assembly that the motor will need to lift)

R = radius of the lead screw

This formula is based on the "law of the machine"

The final effort amount with its unit of newtons and R will be the torque. For example, if the effort comes to 100 N (newtons) and the R is .5 inches, then you can assume that the effort is 50 N-in since it would take twice the effort to turn form the one inch mark from the center of the shaft.

Example:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 13 = .08 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .08) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 12.5 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (15.7))

Effort = 5 N + (5.73 N)

Effort = 10.7 N = 2.4 lbs = 38.4 oz-in

I am putting the oz-in on the end because the formula considers the distance from the center of the shaft to be one inch.

Therefore, a 425 oz-in motor would be able to lift a 20.2 lb Router with its accompanying assembly. If the assembly and router is heavier, plug in the numbers and determine the effort required.

With a bit of algebra, the formula can be rewritten to find the load:

Load = (Effort - Sf) x (2 x pi x (R/p) x Se)

Another formula that does not consider friction at all:

Effort = (Load x p) / (2 x pi x R)

Lets see if we get similar results:

Effort = (20 lb x .08 inches) / (2 x 3.14 x 1)

Effort = 1.6 / 6.28 = .255 lbs = 4.08 oz-in

The results from both formulas appear to be very small because a 13 TPI screw will have enormous mechanical advantage.

It is evident that the first formula that does consider friction that we are loosely estimating is far more conservative than the second formula. Either way, even the most conservative formula shows that the 425 oz-in motor will handle very large weights. If you are using a lead screw with only two turns per inch, .5 inch pitch, you can determine the requirements with the first formula.

Example for a 10 TPI 5 start (2 turns per inch) lead screw:

Load = 90 N (20.2 lbs)

R = 1 inch since that is the length from the center of the shaft that the motor is rated

p = 1 inch / 2 = .5 inches

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2 x 3.14 x (1 / .5) x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (6.28 x 2 x .2))

Effort = 5 N + (90 N / (2.512))

Effort = 5 N + (35.83 N)

Effort = 40.828 N = 9.18 lbs = 146.88 oz-in

Customer Response:

thank you so much

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

Additional Information:

how do i calculate torque of stepper motor if lead screw coupled to motor shaft and load applied by lead screw on plate is 100 kg by vertically

Additional Information:

Pls

Additional Information:

1m 16mmdiameter ball screws calculations**Click the link to respond:**

I need the calculation to determine the stepper motor torque to find the load that it can withstand in horizontal position using a lead screw at 1/2" diameter with 13 TPI.**My stepper motor has little to no torque on anything less than 1/4 steps.. tested on two drivers verified to be working. Can this be remedied?**For our motors, you must verify the correct wiring for each.

425 oz-in motor: (Wiring: Red and Blue to A+, Yellow and Black to A-, White and Brown to B+ and Orange and Green to B-.)

651 oz-in motor: (Wiring: Red to A+, Green to A-, Yellow to B+ and Blue to B-).**Click the link to respond:**

My stepper motor has little to no torque on anything less than 1/4 steps.. tested on two drivers verified to be working. Can this be remedied?**What is the cp- and cw- on the 2.5 Stepper motor driver modular unit. my motor will not run. i believe this is my wireing issue**Nema-17/23 are wired, notice that the nema-23 has a white and orange wire (those are not needed):

Black to A+

Green to A-

Red to B+

Blue to B-

Also if using a parallel breakout board the wiring from the driver (https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-parallel-breakout-relay#prettyPhoto/2/):

(X-axis 2-CP-,3-CW-)

For our USB breakout board (https://www.buildyourcnc.com/item/electronicsAndMotors-electronic-component-USB-Controller-Breakout#prettyPhoto/2/):

(x-axis CP-,CW- to ground)

Additional Information:

I have USB breakout board connected as: CW-> 5V, CP -> CP, and GRD to GRD/COMM next to 12-24V Pin.

The motor works perfectly in one direction.

Will not jog in the other Direction.

I still do not know what is CP- and CW- as it is not labeled on the board, unlike your other motor controllers.

Can you submit a wiring diagram for the 2.5 AMP controller

Additional Information:

is there a wiring diagram to connect a usb break out board which has 4 pins for each axis output to thedb 25 connector on a driver board used with parallel port configuration

Additional Information:**Click the link to respond:**

What is the cp- and cw- on the 2.5 Stepper motor driver modular unit. my motor will not run. i believe this is my wireing issue**Can this driver accept 5 lead Nema 34 steppers: Stepping Motor Driver (24-70 volts DC, up to 6.0 amps, microstepping from 1/2 to 1/256)**Please measure the resistance between all the wires in all combinations to determine where these wires exists with the coils. I am not familiar with 5 wire stepper motors.

**Click the link to respond:**

Can this driver accept 5 lead Nema 34 steppers: Stepping Motor Driver (24-70 volts DC, up to 6.0 amps, microstepping from 1/2 to 1/256)**I ordered two NEMA 23 steppers with 1/4" shafts, I received motors with 8mm shafts. I also ordered two 1/4" x 1/2" couplers, which I have not received. I have no problems with the motors, but I will need couplers to match the 8mm shaft to 1/2" lead screw.**I will send two 8mm to 1/2" couplings to you ASAP. Please send an email to customerservice@buildyourcnc.com so I can determine to whom to send the couings. Thanks.

Additional Information:

Please notice, I followed up with several emails abut this situation. In one, I corrected the motor shaft sizes to 10mm. I understand that, as a result of my emails, the original 1/4" x 1/2" couplers were sent and apparently received by someone at the wrong address. As of this time, I have received no couplers of any size and have gotten no reponses to my emails. Can you enlighten me?

Additional Information:

I looked all throughout my email and I cannot find an email from you. Please send an email to phooddaniel@gmail.com so I can determine who this is and to whom I need to send the new couplings. Thanks**What is the correct wiring scheme for wiring a six wire stepper motor to the Makerbot driver. The motor has solid red, solid green, solid white, solid black, red/white stripe, red green stripe.**To find the correct wiring for any particular motor, it is best to look at the motor data sheet. If it is a motor that you purchased from us, you can find that motors particular datasheet linked on that motors product page on our website.

Additional Information:

20**Click the link to respond:**

What is the correct wiring scheme for wiring a six wire stepper motor to the Makerbot driver. The motor has solid red, solid green, solid white, solid black, red/white stripe, red green stripe.**Hi! can i order a 6 ft long 1/2'' Lead screw with the motor and the gears with it?**1/2" lead screw can be purchased in one length up to 77 inches (6 feet, 5 inches). Motors are found under the "Motion Electronics" menu, and gears can be found under "Mechanical Components".

**Click the link to respond:**

Hi! can i order a 6 ft long 1/2'' Lead screw with the motor and the gears with it?**On the Book Build: I'm changing the 13TPI 1/2" lead screw with the 1/2" 10 TPI Acme screw with the anti backlash nut. This is for the Z axis only. What should I know about installing it and what are the numbers I need to plug into the motor tuning area.**The settings that will have to be change will be your steps per inch in motor tuning (mach 3), or settings/axes(planetCNC). But we do not have the actual numbers/specs that will fit your 10 TPI 5 start lead screw, here is a tutorial video which explains how to get the exact numbers you need! (

).

Here is a default setting that you might be able to tune and adjust accordingly: 1600 steps, accel 400.02, velocity 5.**what is the wiring coler and pin # for the whiteant extruder stepper motor**For our extruder motor wire color and pin would be Red(A), Yellow(C), Gray(B), Green(D). The 2 x 3 (6) pin connectors on our 3D mainboard, are connectors for motor drivers. Pin #1 is 12v, Pin #2 s ground, Pin #3 is step, Pin #4 is direction, Pin #5 is enable and, Pin #6 is 5v.

**Click the link to respond:**

what is the wiring coler and pin # for the whiteant extruder stepper motor**I recently had a mishap with one of my stepper drivers which resulted in a resistor being burned out. Would you be able to tell me what the resistance is for the R25 resistor inside the 6.0 amp driver?**Currently we do not know the values of the electronic components inside our drivers, since these drivers are supplied by our manufacture and replaced by them if a manufacture defect is present.

Please email us at customerservice@buildyourcnc.com for more information on possible replacements.**Click the link to respond:**

I recently had a mishap with one of my stepper drivers which resulted in a resistor being burned out. Would you be able to tell me what the resistance is for the R25 resistor inside the 6.0 amp driver?**I'm going to use 2 stepper motors for my X-axis. Can I use the same connections on the B/O board to do this knowing I will need 2 separate driver boards.**Yes, absolutely. If you need two motors for a single axis, you will want to use the same terminals for pulse and direction from the breakout board.

More specifically, you will wire the step/pulse pin to both drivers, and the direction pin to both drivers. If the motors need to turn in different directions, simply swap the A and B coil connections on one of the motors.**Click the link to respond:**

I'm going to use 2 stepper motors for my X-axis. Can I use the same connections on the B/O board to do this knowing I will need 2 separate driver boards.**Hi, I need the lead screw and bearings for x/y/z axis of the CNC. What is the length of "1/2" Lead Screw per inch (Steel)"?**Depending on the size of your CNC machine, it will vary the length required for your application.

Please verify the CNC machine, and we can go into detail on the specific lengths or methods for the linear guide mechanics.

We sell our ACME Screw (1/2" per inch), also our longest length of ACME Screw is 76-3/4".**Click the link to respond:**

Hi, I need the lead screw and bearings for x/y/z axis of the CNC. What is the length of "1/2" Lead Screw per inch (Steel)"?**I just changed my X and Y to the ACME 1/2" 5 start lead screw. What are the motor tuning numbers. I have the book built machine.**The settings that will have to be change will be your steps per inch in motor tuning (mach 3), or settings/axes(planetCNC). But we do not have the actual numbers/specs that will fit your 10 TPI 5 start lead screw, here is a tutorial video which explains how to get the exact numbers you need! (

)**Click the link to respond:**

I just changed my X and Y to the ACME 1/2" 5 start lead screw. What are the motor tuning numbers. I have the book built machine.**What are the overall dimensions of the 2.5A small stepper drivers? Is there a CAD model available?**The overall dimensions of our 2.5 modular stepper divers is:

L: 1.875"/ 47.625mm

W: 1.433"/ 36.3982mm

H: .585"/ 14.859mm (height might change due to different terminal block height (other we have on hand is .464"/ 11.7856mm))

Currently we do not have a CAD model on hand.**Click the link to respond:**

What are the overall dimensions of the 2.5A small stepper drivers? Is there a CAD model available?**I cannot find a driver for the NEMA 14 Stepping Motor (17 oz-in 1/4" dual shaft) on your site, would something like the Pololu DRV8834 be okay? (I note that the stepper requires 2.7v)**The NENA 14 motor is paired with this driver and will work very well: https://buildyourcnc.com/item/motion%20electronics-steppermotordriver-newbiehack-Motor_Drivers-2!5_Amp_modular

**Click the link to respond:**

I cannot find a driver for the NEMA 14 Stepping Motor (17 oz-in 1/4" dual shaft) on your site, would something like the Pololu DRV8834 be okay? (I note that the stepper requires 2.7v)