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Question #: 14348

Question: How should I connect the E-stop to the machine?

Current Solution

I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

Respond:

Other Possible Solutions to this Question

  • How should I wire the E-stop button? NC or NO?

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Click the link to respond:
    How should I wire the E-stop button? NC or NO?

  • How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

    It will depend on how you configure the machine to use the Laser and plasma. Is the laser on a separate gantry? That will determine the way you will connect the laser control system or if you use a typical CNC controller. The plasma will need inputs of THC on, THC up, THC down and outputs to trigger the plasma torch. I recommend the Pokeys57CNC for the plasma and you can also fire the laser with it, but you will not be able to do engraving with the laser unless you use a laser controller. If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using, or if you have the laser on a separate gantry, you can use a traditional laser controller connected to the stepper motor drivers on that gantry.

    Users response:
    I was planing on using same gantry, and installing plasma and laser module on z axis along the side with current router. Perhaps if it’s needed installing another z axis on current z axis. So that when I use plasma, router z will be homed and plasma z axis will be able to utilize thc.

    When you say “If you use a laser controller, you will need to either build circuitry to switch the digital signals from which controller you will be using,”
    If i install laser controller, pokeys and router motion card, do you mean all ( axis and router/laser/plasma) signals or just the one that controls router/laser/plasma?
    I was wondering if I could jump (parallel connect) axis signals from card to card without ?
    Also do you prefer ethernet card or usb?
    I really do appreciate your help :) thanx again.

    Buildyourcnc response:
    Not a problem at all.

    Remember that with all of that weight on the z-axis, you will not be able to do efficient raster style engraving.

    By putting the laser on another gantry, say at the far end of the table, then you would be able to use a laser controller that controls its own stepper motors and the nozzle can have fast swing motion for engraving. With the laser on the z-axis of the spindle (like see on the greenBull), you will only be able to do vector motions for the laser.

    You can also have a CNC interface and laser controller controlling the same stepper motor drivers, but you will need a few tri-state buffer chips where you can use a toggle switch for which controller has control of the drivers.

    Click the link to respond:
    How should I control a plasma torch, spindle and a laser on my CNC machine?

  • WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

    Click the link to respond:
    WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

  • SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Previous Solution:
    The greenBull machine has a sturdier gantry than the blackFoot, so you can be more agressive with the cutting feedrate (cutting speed). The blackFoot is also a good machine, but it all comes down to the speed at which you want to produce the fabrication

    The spindle is also highly recommended for it's quietness and easier cleanup (no fan blowing the dust in the air)

    Click the link to respond:
    SHOULD I SELECT THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE?

  • WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

    The greenBull can range is routing width sizes of 5 feet and 6 feet. The blackFoot has a 4 foot routing width.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHICH MACHINE SHOULD I BUY, THE GREENBULL OR BLACKFOOT?

  • Should I wire the e-stop button to an input terminal or the mains voltage

    I would recommend wiring the E-Stop to an input terminal via an NC connection. This is the industry standard. It requires a NC (Normally connected) circuit for the machine to be operational, and when the circuit breaks, the machine shuts off. This is better than having a circuit NO (normally open), open circuit that requires a circuit to be created to have the machine shut off for safety.

    Having en E-Stop run through the mains line would only work for a single circuit (or use multiple E-stops, which defeats the purpose). The E-stop connected to the input terminal would shut off all machine functions.

    Click the link to respond:
    Should I wire the e-stop button to an input terminal or the mains voltage

  • I get random e-stop while machining. I checked the connections on the redfly and they are OK

    You can increase the debouncing for the input terminals where the limit and e-stop switches are connected. Go to Mach3 and the config menu. Click on General Config... in the config menu. The General Logic Configuration dialog box will appear. On the top right of that screen, you will see Debounce Interval. Increase this number until the problem stops.

    You might also want to check your wiring. You don't want the limit switch wiring close to any motor wires, including the spindle cable. The limit switch cabling should be shielded and the shielding of the cable should be grounded.

    Click the link to respond:
    I get random e-stop while machining. I checked the connections on the redfly and they are OK

  • WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

    The blackfoot requires a total of 50 feet of cable.

    The X axis needs 15 feet
    The Y axis needs 17 feet
    and the Z-axis needs 18 feet

    These are 20 gauge 4 conductor cable.

    Click the link to respond:
    WHAT CABLE LENGTHS SHOULD USE FOR THE BLACKFOOT CNC MACHINE

  • HOW THE ROUTER IS CONNECTED TO ELECTRONICS?

    The parallel breakout board has a relay that can turn the router on and off according to the control software in the computer. The router will turn on automatically prior to the machine moving (a time frame can be set so the router is up to speed). When the machine is finished and is not moving, the router automatically turns off. This is with the m3, m4, and m5 codes in the g-code.

    If you are interested in the USB breakout board, you will need to get an independent relay board.

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW THE ROUTER IS CONNECTED TO ELECTRONICS?

  • HOW IS THE ROUTER CONNECTED TO ELECTRONICS?

    The parallel breakout board has a relay that can turn the router on and off according to the control software in the computer. The router will turn on automatically prior to the machine moving (a time frame can be set so the router is up to speed). When the machine is finished and is not moving, the router automatically turns off. This is with the m3, m4, and m5 codes in the g-code.

    If you are interested in the USB breakout board, you will need to get an independent relay board.

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW IS THE ROUTER CONNECTED TO ELECTRONICS?

  • how to connect wires from motherboard to cnc

    Use the datasheet associated to the motor that you purchased. Use the bipolar parallel configuration to optimum performance. The datasheets are located in their respective motor product pages. Just click on the motion electronics at the left and scroll down to the motor you have and click on the title, or datasheet link next to the motor. The datasheet will either be in the form of a pdf, or within the instructions on that product page.

    Additional Information:
    wiring diagram

    Click the link to respond:
    how to connect wires from motherboard to cnc

  • How do I connect a heated bed to the whiteant

    Connecting a heater bed to the whiteAnt is currently unavailable with our current version electronics, as we have tried to get around that issue here! We do not have the available slot for another thermocouple, so reading the temperature will not be possible for the heater bed. Also doubling the heater bed and extruder is not recommended, in which our current electronics will not be able to work with the additional heater bed.

    Click the link to respond:
    How do I connect a heated bed to the whiteant

  • How do I connect my motor wires to the driver?

    Use the datasheet associated to the motor that you purchased. Use the bipolar parallel configuration to optimum performance. The datasheets are located in their respective motor product pages. Just click on the motion electronics at the left and scroll down to the motor you have and click on the title, or datasheet link next to the motor. The datasheet will either be in the form of a pdf, or within the instructions on that product page.

    Additional Information:
    wiring diagram

    Click the link to respond:
    How do I connect my motor wires to the driver?

  • HOW DO YOU CONNECT THE INVERTER TO AC?

    Input to VFD:
    240V Active - R
    240V Neutral - S
    Ground - E

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW DO YOU CONNECT THE INVERTER TO AC?

  • HOW TO CONNECT THE SPINDLE INVERTER?

    U - Pin1
    V - Pin2
    W - Pin3
    Pin4 Dead

    Additional Information:
    My home made cnc is a big problem with my NC connection. When in start my spindle it will be gone wrong. It will be limith switch problem anytime. Need help thanks.

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW TO CONNECT THE SPINDLE INVERTER?

  • Should the machine material (wood like) be painted before assembly?

    Our machines structures is made from MDO, which is used in the construction industry. Specifically in cement forming, which allows the material to be treated and coated for the specific requirements in the field.
    We do recommend painting the structure (everything structure wise besides aluminum) with oil based paints, if you have the machine in a very humid location or location with constant rain. If you do not have the machine in a climate control environment.
    Painting the machine will not give it a longer run time or any specific advantages to the over structure or material. Painting it would be more of a personal choice, in making it specifically orientated to your shop or personality.

    Click the link to respond:
    Should the machine material (wood like) be painted before assembly?

  • Should I connect both the USB and the 25 pin connector of the parallel breakout board to the computer?

    The parallel breakout board has the db25 connector for data and the USB connector for power. Connect the USB from the computer to the parallel breakout board so the breakout board will have 5V of power coming from the computer. The db25 connector (connector with the 25 pins) receive data signals for each pin from 1 to 17 and have respective numbered screw terminals, some for input and some for output (18 to 25 are gnd pins).

    Click the link to respond:
    Should I connect both the USB and the 25 pin connector of the parallel breakout board to the computer?

  • HOW TO CONNECT THE INVERTER WALL?

    Input to VFD:
    240V Active - R
    240V Neutral - S
    Ground - E

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW TO CONNECT THE INVERTER WALL?

  • HOW DO I CONNECT A TOUCH PLATE TO THE BREAKOUT BOARD?

    The instructions on how to do this are found here, in these two videos, http://buildyourcnc.com/PrimeronHomingandLimitSwitches.aspx

    Click the link to respond:
    HOW DO I CONNECT A TOUCH PLATE TO THE BREAKOUT BOARD?